Body composition analysis, anthropometric indices and lipid profile markers as predictors for prediabetes

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Abstract

Objectives To compare different anthropometric indices, Body composition analysis and lipid profile markers in terms of their ability to predict prediabetes (PD). Methods We enrolled 83 subjects with PD and 84 normoglycemic subjects who were matched for age and gender. The diagnosis of prediabetes was done according to the American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria. All subjects were aged between 30–55 years of age and visited the outpatient department of tertiary care hospital. Anthropometric and lipid profile measurements were obtained. Analysis of body composition was done using Bodystat 1500MDD Instrument. Backward logistic regression was performed for detecting the predictors of PD. A receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC) with area under curve (AUC) was utilized for the accuracy of the predictors of PD. Results Comparison of anthropometric measurement and body composition analysis parameters between the two groups showed that Waist circumference (WC), Body mass index, Body Fat% were significantly higher whereas Extracellular water and Dry lean weight in percentage (ECW% and DLW%) were found to be lower in PD (p< 0.05). Higher triglyceride (TG) levels and lower high-density cholesterol (HDL-C) with high TG/HDL-C were seen in subjects with PD. Backward logistic regression analysis found the combination of Body Fat % with WC, TG, ECW% and DLW% as strong predictors of PD. In ROC analysis, ECW% (AUC = 0.703) was the most predictive measure, followed by WC (AUC = 0.702). Conclusion This study demonstrated that estimation of Body Fat % combined with waist circumference, Extracellular water and Dry lean weight in percentage are valuable in screening and diagnosis of prediabetes. Plasma levels of TG in lipid profile measurements can also serve as an additional marker for prediction of prediabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0200775
JournalPLoS One
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-08-2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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