Calibration-free laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for quantitative elemental analysis of materials

V. K. Unnikrishnan, K. Mridul, R. Nayak, V. B. Kartha, C. Santhosh, G. P. Gupta, K. Alti, B. M. Suri

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46 Citations (Scopus)


The application of calibration-free laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (CF-LIBS) for quantitative analysis of materials, illustrated by CF-LIBS applied to a brass sample of known composition, is presented in this paper. The LIBS plasma is produced by a 355 nm pulsed Nd:YAG laser with a pulse duration of 6 ns focussed onto a brass sample in air at atmospheric pressure. The time-resolved atomic and ionic emission lines of Cu and Zn from the LIBS spectra recorded by an Echelle spectrograph coupled with a gated intensi?ed charge coupled detector are used for the plasma characterization and the quantitative analysis of the sample. The time delay where the plasma is optically thin and is also in local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE), necessary for the elemental analysis of samples from the LIBS spectra, is deduced. An algorithm relating the experimentally measured spectral intensity values with the basic physics of the plasma is developed. Using the algorithm, the Zn and Cu concentrations in the brass sample are determined. The analytical results obtained from the CF-LIBS technique agree well with the certi?ed values of the elements in the sample, with an accuracy error <1%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-310
Number of pages12
JournalPramana - Journal of Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01-08-2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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