Caracterización clínica de pacientes con trastornos de los discos intervertebrales

Translated title of the contribution: Clinical profile of patients with inter vertebral disc disorders

Nitin Joseph, Atmananda Hegde, Sreeja Shenoy, Pallempati Bhanu Thejaswi, Haroon Aslam, Vikash Kumar, Arushi Bhargava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Intervertebral disc disorders (IDDs) are being commonly observed nowadays among the young and middle aged population. Objectives: This hospital record based study was done to study the risk factors, clinical presentation, imaging findings and management practices among patients with all types of IDDs. Methods: A validated proforma was used to obtain information of patients confirmed with IDDs over the past three years. Results: Mean age at onset of disc disorders among the 219 patients was 44.7±14.2 years. History of poor exercising habits were present among 72(32.9%) patients. The most common site of disc involvement was L4-L5 [151(68.9%)]. 143(65.3%) patients had single site disc involvement. The most common clinical symptom was lower back pain [180(82.2%)]. Nerve root compression was present among 154(70.3%) patients. Disc bulge, protrusion, extrusion and sequestration were present among 116(53%), 90(41.1%), 52(23.7%) and 4(1.8%) patients respectively. Age at onset >65 years (p=0.035), age at onset ≤55 years (p=0.004) and history of direct impact to the neck region (p=0.017) were associated with disc prolapse at L2-L3 level, L4-L5 level and C5-C6 level respectively, among patients with single site disc involvement. Risk of multiple level disc involvement was found to increase after 35 years (p<0.001). It was seen more involving cervical vertebrae (p=0.0068). Lumbar (p<0.0001) and lumbosacral vertebrae (p<0.0001) involvement were seenmore among patients with single site disc involvement. NSAIDs [155(70.8%)] were the most the commonly used medication. Microdiscectomy was done among 35(76.1%) out of the 46 patients who underwent surgical management. Conclusions: Exercising habits need to be encouraged among people for the prevention of IDDs. The various high risk groups identified in this study need to be periodically screened for IDDs.

Translated title of the contributionClinical profile of patients with inter vertebral disc disorders
Original languageSpanish
Article numbere459
JournalRevista Cubana de Ortopedia y Traumatologia
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 06-03-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation


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