Carbon nanotubes reinforced hydroxyapatite composite for biomedical application

Khalid Parwez, Suman V. Budihal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydroxyapatite (HA), as a bone mineral component, has been an attractive bioceramic for the reconstruction of hard tissues. However, its poor mechanical properties, including low fracture toughness and tensile strength, have been a significant challenge to the application of HA for the replacement of load-bearing and/or large bone defects. Among materials studied to reinforce HA, carbon nanotubes (CNTs: single-walled or multiwalled) have recently gained significant attention because of their unprecedented mechanical properties (high strength and toughness) and physicochemical properties (high surface area, electrical and thermal conductivity, and low weight). Here, we present the studies of the organization of HA-CNTs at the nanoscale, with a particular emphasis on the functionalization of CNTs and their dispersion within an HA matrix and induction of HA mineralization. The result shows that the mechanical properties of the composites are significantly increased after adding the MWCNT to HA matrix. The organization of CNTs and HA implemented at the nanoscale can further be developed in the form of coatings, nanocomposites, and hybrid powders to enable potential applications in hard tissue reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-65
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Bionanoscience
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Durapatite
Hydroxyapatite
Carbon nanotubes
Composite materials
Mechanical properties
Bone
Bearings (structural)
Tissue
Thermal Conductivity
Nanocomposites
Bone and Bones
Bioceramics
Electric Conductivity
Surface Properties
Tensile Strength
Weight-Bearing
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCN)
Powders
Toughness

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

Parwez, Khalid ; Budihal, Suman V. / Carbon nanotubes reinforced hydroxyapatite composite for biomedical application. In: Journal of Bionanoscience. 2014 ; Vol. 8, No. 1. pp. 61-65.
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Carbon nanotubes reinforced hydroxyapatite composite for biomedical application. / Parwez, Khalid; Budihal, Suman V.

In: Journal of Bionanoscience, Vol. 8, No. 1, 01.01.2014, p. 61-65.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Hydroxyapatite (HA), as a bone mineral component, has been an attractive bioceramic for the reconstruction of hard tissues. However, its poor mechanical properties, including low fracture toughness and tensile strength, have been a significant challenge to the application of HA for the replacement of load-bearing and/or large bone defects. Among materials studied to reinforce HA, carbon nanotubes (CNTs: single-walled or multiwalled) have recently gained significant attention because of their unprecedented mechanical properties (high strength and toughness) and physicochemical properties (high surface area, electrical and thermal conductivity, and low weight). Here, we present the studies of the organization of HA-CNTs at the nanoscale, with a particular emphasis on the functionalization of CNTs and their dispersion within an HA matrix and induction of HA mineralization. The result shows that the mechanical properties of the composites are significantly increased after adding the MWCNT to HA matrix. The organization of CNTs and HA implemented at the nanoscale can further be developed in the form of coatings, nanocomposites, and hybrid powders to enable potential applications in hard tissue reconstruction.

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