Case report: Successful treatment of chromobacterium violaceum sepsis in a south indian adult

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Infection due to Chromobacterium violaceum is rare. Diagnosis may be delayed since Chromobacterium sepsis may mimic melioidosis, especially in melioidosis-endemic areas. Management of Chromobacterium infection is challenging given the propensity of this pathogen to cause visceral abscesses, drug resistance, and relapse. Mortality rates are high despite treatment. We report a case of C. violaceum septicemia in an immunocompetent adult from south India, who was successfully treated with combination antibiotic therapy. Physicians in tropical and subtropical regions must be aware of C. violaceum infection as it can mimic melioidosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1066-1067
Number of pages2
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 04-11-2015


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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