Cervical spine injury in maxillofacial trauma

Z. Lalani, K. M. Bonanthaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To find out the incidence of associated facial injuries and injuries to the cervical spine. Design. Retrospective study. Setting. Teaching hospital, India. Subjects. 536 patients treated for maxillofacial injuries between January 1992 and November 1993. Interventions. Review of hospital case notes and radiographs. Main outcome measures. Coexisting facial and cervical spine injuries, morbidity and mortality. Results. 16 patients (3%) had sustained both facial and cervical spine injuries. There were 14 men (median age 40, range 21-64) and 2 women (aged 19 and 30). In 10 of the 16 patients the cause of the injury was a road traffic accident. In 11 patients the facial injury was to the soft tissue only, in 4 it was to both hard and soft tissue, and in 1 it was to hard tissue only. Soft tissue damage to the midface was more likely to be associated with injuries in the area of C5-7 and that to the lower third of the face was more likely to be associated with damage to the upper cervical spine. 11 patients had neurological deficits as a result of their injuries and 2 died. Conclusion. If diagnosis and treatment of simultaneous facial and cervical spine injuries are to be improved, further study of the biomechanics of injury is necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-245
Number of pages3
JournalBritish Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Maxillofacial Injuries
Spine
Wounds and Injuries
Facial Injuries
Traffic Accidents
Biomechanical Phenomena
Teaching Hospitals
India
Retrospective Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Morbidity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Lalani, Z. ; Bonanthaya, K. M. / Cervical spine injury in maxillofacial trauma. In: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 1997 ; Vol. 35, No. 4. pp. 243-245.
@article{583e681b538f4a928c3483b9f7a57e79,
title = "Cervical spine injury in maxillofacial trauma",
abstract = "Objective. To find out the incidence of associated facial injuries and injuries to the cervical spine. Design. Retrospective study. Setting. Teaching hospital, India. Subjects. 536 patients treated for maxillofacial injuries between January 1992 and November 1993. Interventions. Review of hospital case notes and radiographs. Main outcome measures. Coexisting facial and cervical spine injuries, morbidity and mortality. Results. 16 patients (3{\%}) had sustained both facial and cervical spine injuries. There were 14 men (median age 40, range 21-64) and 2 women (aged 19 and 30). In 10 of the 16 patients the cause of the injury was a road traffic accident. In 11 patients the facial injury was to the soft tissue only, in 4 it was to both hard and soft tissue, and in 1 it was to hard tissue only. Soft tissue damage to the midface was more likely to be associated with injuries in the area of C5-7 and that to the lower third of the face was more likely to be associated with damage to the upper cervical spine. 11 patients had neurological deficits as a result of their injuries and 2 died. Conclusion. If diagnosis and treatment of simultaneous facial and cervical spine injuries are to be improved, further study of the biomechanics of injury is necessary.",
author = "Z. Lalani and Bonanthaya, {K. M.}",
year = "1997",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0266-4356(97)90041-3",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "243--245",
journal = "British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery",
issn = "0266-4356",
publisher = "Churchill Livingstone",
number = "4",

}

Cervical spine injury in maxillofacial trauma. / Lalani, Z.; Bonanthaya, K. M.

In: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vol. 35, No. 4, 01.01.1997, p. 243-245.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cervical spine injury in maxillofacial trauma

AU - Lalani, Z.

AU - Bonanthaya, K. M.

PY - 1997/1/1

Y1 - 1997/1/1

N2 - Objective. To find out the incidence of associated facial injuries and injuries to the cervical spine. Design. Retrospective study. Setting. Teaching hospital, India. Subjects. 536 patients treated for maxillofacial injuries between January 1992 and November 1993. Interventions. Review of hospital case notes and radiographs. Main outcome measures. Coexisting facial and cervical spine injuries, morbidity and mortality. Results. 16 patients (3%) had sustained both facial and cervical spine injuries. There were 14 men (median age 40, range 21-64) and 2 women (aged 19 and 30). In 10 of the 16 patients the cause of the injury was a road traffic accident. In 11 patients the facial injury was to the soft tissue only, in 4 it was to both hard and soft tissue, and in 1 it was to hard tissue only. Soft tissue damage to the midface was more likely to be associated with injuries in the area of C5-7 and that to the lower third of the face was more likely to be associated with damage to the upper cervical spine. 11 patients had neurological deficits as a result of their injuries and 2 died. Conclusion. If diagnosis and treatment of simultaneous facial and cervical spine injuries are to be improved, further study of the biomechanics of injury is necessary.

AB - Objective. To find out the incidence of associated facial injuries and injuries to the cervical spine. Design. Retrospective study. Setting. Teaching hospital, India. Subjects. 536 patients treated for maxillofacial injuries between January 1992 and November 1993. Interventions. Review of hospital case notes and radiographs. Main outcome measures. Coexisting facial and cervical spine injuries, morbidity and mortality. Results. 16 patients (3%) had sustained both facial and cervical spine injuries. There were 14 men (median age 40, range 21-64) and 2 women (aged 19 and 30). In 10 of the 16 patients the cause of the injury was a road traffic accident. In 11 patients the facial injury was to the soft tissue only, in 4 it was to both hard and soft tissue, and in 1 it was to hard tissue only. Soft tissue damage to the midface was more likely to be associated with injuries in the area of C5-7 and that to the lower third of the face was more likely to be associated with damage to the upper cervical spine. 11 patients had neurological deficits as a result of their injuries and 2 died. Conclusion. If diagnosis and treatment of simultaneous facial and cervical spine injuries are to be improved, further study of the biomechanics of injury is necessary.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030863929&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030863929&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0266-4356(97)90041-3

DO - 10.1016/S0266-4356(97)90041-3

M3 - Article

C2 - 9291261

AN - SCOPUS:0030863929

VL - 35

SP - 243

EP - 245

JO - British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

JF - British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

SN - 0266-4356

IS - 4

ER -