Forty-three cases of diabetic ketosis were analysed to determine the mode of presentation, treatment modalities and outcome. Among these cases 62.8% were non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients and 37.2% belonged to the insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) group. Six patients had blood glucose levels of more than 250 mg/dl but less than 300 mg/dl who were grouped separately for analysis under the term 'euglycaemic diabetic ketoacidosis (EGDK)'. Infection was the commonest precipitating factor in diabetic ketosis in all groups. Abdominal pain and vomiting occurred with NIDDM and EGDK cases. Drowsiness was common and coma was rare. Acute myocardial infarction (MI) and pulmonary oedema occurred with NIDDM cases. Shock, acidosis, acquired respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and mucor mycosis were seen with IDDM cases. Mortality was 7 out of 43(16.3%). Saline requirement was lower in NIDDM and EGDK cases. Intensive insulin therapy with hourly intravenous doses were needed for IDDM cases while majority of NIDDM cases could be managed with 6 hourly doses of insulin given subcutaneously or intramuscularly.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of the Indian Medical Association|
|Publication status||Published - 01-12-1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes