Background: Post stroke depression adversely affects long term outcome of stroke and increases mortality risk. Few studies have looked into the comprehensive picture of post stroke depression in past. Aim: The current study aimed to look into the phenomenology, characteristic features and various correlates of post stroke depression. Method: 142 consecutive stroke patients aged 60 years or above, fulfilling the inclusion criteria were assessed. Sociodemographic and clinical data were gathered using a specially designed pro-forma. Depression, apathy and psychosis were assessed by Post stroke depression rating scale, Apathy Evaluation Scale, and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale respectively. Groups (with or without major depression) were compared using Mann-Whitney U, chi square or Fisher's exact test. One way ANOVA was conducted to see the relations of lesion location and laterality with various clinical parameters. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was done to see the time to develop depression. The effect sizes were reported as r and partial eta squared. Results: Guilt was significantly higher (p<.05) with lesions in parietal lobe and remaining of middle cerebral artery territory. Catastrophic reaction (p<.05) and emotional dyscontrol (p<.05) were higher for diffuse lesions, periventricular lesions and lesions in frontal/occipital lobe. BPRS score, but not apathy, had a significant positive correlation with depression (Pearson's r=.692). Mean time to develop depression after stroke was 28.34 (95% CI 22.37 to 34.31) months. Conclusions: Post stroke depression consists of various clinically important sub-components whose occurrence varies with different lesion locations. Post stroke depression is discriminable from apathy but is related to psychosis.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Indian Journal of Psychiatry|
|Publication status||Published - 01-11-2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Psychiatry and Mental health