Characterization and photocatalytic activity of ZnO nanoflowers synthesized using Bridelia retusa leaf extract

Ramesh Vinayagam, Shraddha Pai, Thivaharan Varadavenkatesan, Arivalagan Pugazhendhi, Raja Selvaraj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


In the current work, the leaf extract of Bridelia retusa was used for the first time to synthesize zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs). A zinc nanoparticle-specific 364-nm peak was discerned via UV–Vis studies with a typical bandgap energy of 3.41 eV. FE-SEM micrographs revealed flower-shaped structure of the ZnONPs. EDS analysis corroborated the presence of zinc and oxygen. XRD spectrum established the wurtzite structure, sized at 11.06 nm. The mesoporous texture (4.89 nm) of the nanoparticles was deduced from BET analysis, proving a higher specific surface area than commercial ZnONPs. FTIR spectroscopy resulted in absorption bands typical for ZnONPs. Within a span of 165 min, under solar irradiation, the ZnONPs facilitated the photocatalytic degradation of Rhodamine B dye upto 94.74%. Exhibiting pseudo-first-order kinetics, the process had a degradation constant of 0.0109 min−1. It was concluded that numerous factors led to the high degradation efficiency. High values of bandgap energy and specific surface area, along with the mesoporous and crystalline nature of the ZnONPs led to the observed effect. The ZnONPs were also stabilized by the phytochemicals in the B. retusa leaves. The study is thus able to successfully demonstrate the huge potential in the field of environmental nanoremediation. The viability of using ZnONPs as solar photocatalysts for treating dye-laden industrial wastewater was thus attested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493 - 502
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Nanoscience (Switzerland)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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