Clinical and biochemical profile of steroid-induced diabetes

N. Karthik Rao, Navin Patil, Sudha Vidyasagar, N. R. Rau, Avinash Manjunath Holla, A. Avinash

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Abstract

Objective: To study the clinical and biochemical profile of patients who develop steroid-induced diabetes (SID) and its predisposing factors. Methods: Non-diabetic patients aged ≥18 years started on steroids were considered eligible for the study. In every case after detailed examination, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), post-prandial plasma glucose (PPG), glycated hemoglobin, fasting insulin were measured prior to starting steroids and was repeated in 1st week (day 3/4) after starting steroid according to standard guidelines. FPG and PPG were repeated periodically during follow-up of the patients. The utility of Indian diabetic risk score (IDRS) score in predicting the risk for SID was also assessed. Result: Steroid-induced diabetes was found to be more in females than in males. IDRS is not useful in predicting the risk factors of SID. 97% of patients had an elevation of post-prandial sugars with or without fasting hyperglycemia, but only 3% of patients had isolated elevation of fasting blood sugar. 84% of patients developed SID during the 1st week of therapy. 33% of the cases SID persisted even after 1 month of stopping steroids and on a minimal dosage of steroids. Conclusion: Unlike type 2 diabetes, there were no significant risk factors such as age, family history of diabetes to develop SID and IDRS may not be a sensitive tool for predicting risk factors of SID. Monitoring of post-prandial sugars as compared to fasting sugars is essential for the screening of SID. Cumulative dose of steroid may not be important to precipitate steroid diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-266
Number of pages5
JournalAsian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Volume9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2016

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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