Clinical manifestations and trend of dengue cases admitted in a tertiary care hospital, Udupi District, Karnataka

Ashwini Kumar, Chythra R. Rao, Vinay Pandit, Seema Shetty, Chanaveerappa Bammigatti, Charmaine Minoli Samarasinghe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: India is one of the seven identified countries in the South-East Asia region regularly reporting dengue fever (DF)/dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) outbreaks and may soon transform into a major niche for dengue infection in the future with more and more new areas being struck by dengue epidemics. Objective: To study the clinical manifestations, trend and outcome of all confirmed dengue cases admitted in a tertiary care hospital. Study Design: Record-based study conducted in a coastal district of Karnataka. Required data from all the laboratory confirmed cases from 2002 to 2008 were collected from Medical Records Department (MRD) and analyzed using SPSS 13.5 version. Results: Study included 466 patients. Majority were males, 301(64.6%) and in the and in the age group of 15-44 years, 267 (57.5%). Maximum number of cases were seen in 2007, 219 (47%) and in the month of September, 89 (19.1%). The most common presentation was fever 462 (99.1%), followed by myalgia 301 (64.6%), vomiting 222 (47.6%), headache 222 (47.6%) and abdominal pain 175 (37.6%). The most common hemorrhagic manifestation was petechiae 84 (67.2%). 391 (83.9%) cases presented with dengue fever, 41 (8.8%) dengue hemorrhagic fever, and 34 (7.3%) with dengue shock syndrome. Out of 66 (14.1%) patients who developed clinical complications, 22 (33.3%) had ARDS and 20 (30.3%) had pleural effusion. Deaths reported were 11(2.4%). Conclusion: Community awareness, early diagnosis and management and vector control measures need to be strengthened, during peri-monsoon period, in order to curb the increasing number of dengue cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-390
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Community Medicine
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-07-2010

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Dengue
Tertiary Healthcare
Tertiary Care Centers
Severe Dengue
Hospital Medical Records Department
Purpura
Far East
Myalgia
Pleural Effusion
Abdominal Pain
Vomiting
Disease Outbreaks
Headache
Early Diagnosis
India
Fever
Age Groups
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Infection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "Clinical manifestations and trend of dengue cases admitted in a tertiary care hospital, Udupi District, Karnataka",
abstract = "Background: India is one of the seven identified countries in the South-East Asia region regularly reporting dengue fever (DF)/dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) outbreaks and may soon transform into a major niche for dengue infection in the future with more and more new areas being struck by dengue epidemics. Objective: To study the clinical manifestations, trend and outcome of all confirmed dengue cases admitted in a tertiary care hospital. Study Design: Record-based study conducted in a coastal district of Karnataka. Required data from all the laboratory confirmed cases from 2002 to 2008 were collected from Medical Records Department (MRD) and analyzed using SPSS 13.5 version. Results: Study included 466 patients. Majority were males, 301(64.6{\%}) and in the and in the age group of 15-44 years, 267 (57.5{\%}). Maximum number of cases were seen in 2007, 219 (47{\%}) and in the month of September, 89 (19.1{\%}). The most common presentation was fever 462 (99.1{\%}), followed by myalgia 301 (64.6{\%}), vomiting 222 (47.6{\%}), headache 222 (47.6{\%}) and abdominal pain 175 (37.6{\%}). The most common hemorrhagic manifestation was petechiae 84 (67.2{\%}). 391 (83.9{\%}) cases presented with dengue fever, 41 (8.8{\%}) dengue hemorrhagic fever, and 34 (7.3{\%}) with dengue shock syndrome. Out of 66 (14.1{\%}) patients who developed clinical complications, 22 (33.3{\%}) had ARDS and 20 (30.3{\%}) had pleural effusion. Deaths reported were 11(2.4{\%}). Conclusion: Community awareness, early diagnosis and management and vector control measures need to be strengthened, during peri-monsoon period, in order to curb the increasing number of dengue cases.",
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Clinical manifestations and trend of dengue cases admitted in a tertiary care hospital, Udupi District, Karnataka. / Kumar, Ashwini; Rao, Chythra R.; Pandit, Vinay; Shetty, Seema; Bammigatti, Chanaveerappa; Samarasinghe, Charmaine Minoli.

In: Indian Journal of Community Medicine, Vol. 35, No. 3, 01.07.2010, p. 386-390.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Background: India is one of the seven identified countries in the South-East Asia region regularly reporting dengue fever (DF)/dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) outbreaks and may soon transform into a major niche for dengue infection in the future with more and more new areas being struck by dengue epidemics. Objective: To study the clinical manifestations, trend and outcome of all confirmed dengue cases admitted in a tertiary care hospital. Study Design: Record-based study conducted in a coastal district of Karnataka. Required data from all the laboratory confirmed cases from 2002 to 2008 were collected from Medical Records Department (MRD) and analyzed using SPSS 13.5 version. Results: Study included 466 patients. Majority were males, 301(64.6%) and in the and in the age group of 15-44 years, 267 (57.5%). Maximum number of cases were seen in 2007, 219 (47%) and in the month of September, 89 (19.1%). The most common presentation was fever 462 (99.1%), followed by myalgia 301 (64.6%), vomiting 222 (47.6%), headache 222 (47.6%) and abdominal pain 175 (37.6%). The most common hemorrhagic manifestation was petechiae 84 (67.2%). 391 (83.9%) cases presented with dengue fever, 41 (8.8%) dengue hemorrhagic fever, and 34 (7.3%) with dengue shock syndrome. Out of 66 (14.1%) patients who developed clinical complications, 22 (33.3%) had ARDS and 20 (30.3%) had pleural effusion. Deaths reported were 11(2.4%). Conclusion: Community awareness, early diagnosis and management and vector control measures need to be strengthened, during peri-monsoon period, in order to curb the increasing number of dengue cases.

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