Clinical manifestations of lead workers of Mangalore, India

Ajee Kuruvilla, V. V. Pillay, Prabha Adhikari, T. Venkatesh, M. Chakrapani, H. T. Jayaprakash Rao, Binaya K. Bastia, A. Rajeev, K. M. Saralaya, Maneesh Rai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To correlate blood lead levels and clinical manifestations. Participants: Battery workers and painters (occupationally exposed to lead in and around Mangalore, India) and occupationally unexposed controls. Main outcome measures: We measured the blood lead levels by anodic stripping voltammetry, and a clinical examination was carried out on all participants. Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the lead-exposed group and controls with respect to clinical manifestations. The prominent findings among the lead-exposed group were fatigue, abdominal colic, abdominal discomfort, backache, muscular exhaustability, myalgia and paresthesia, at a blood lead level ranging from 0.4 to 116.6 μg/dL. Conclusions: Such a study on battery workers and painters has not been reported in India. Several attempts have been made over the years to relate blood lead levels to adverse health effects. It was not possible to determine a precise blood lead level below which symptoms never occur or a blood lead level at which symptoms are always reported. Toxicology and Industrial Health 2006; 22: 405-413.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-413
Number of pages9
JournalToxicology and Industrial Health
Volume22
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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India
Blood
Health
Colic
Paresthesia
Myalgia
Occupational Health
Back Pain
Voltammetry
Toxicology
Fatigue
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Fatigue of materials
Control Groups
Lead

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Kuruvilla, A., Pillay, V. V., Adhikari, P., Venkatesh, T., Chakrapani, M., Jayaprakash Rao, H. T., ... Rai, M. (2006). Clinical manifestations of lead workers of Mangalore, India. Toxicology and Industrial Health, 22(9), 405-413. https://doi.org/10.1177/0748233706074174
Kuruvilla, Ajee ; Pillay, V. V. ; Adhikari, Prabha ; Venkatesh, T. ; Chakrapani, M. ; Jayaprakash Rao, H. T. ; Bastia, Binaya K. ; Rajeev, A. ; Saralaya, K. M. ; Rai, Maneesh. / Clinical manifestations of lead workers of Mangalore, India. In: Toxicology and Industrial Health. 2006 ; Vol. 22, No. 9. pp. 405-413.
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Kuruvilla, A, Pillay, VV, Adhikari, P, Venkatesh, T, Chakrapani, M, Jayaprakash Rao, HT, Bastia, BK, Rajeev, A, Saralaya, KM & Rai, M 2006, 'Clinical manifestations of lead workers of Mangalore, India', Toxicology and Industrial Health, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 405-413. https://doi.org/10.1177/0748233706074174

Clinical manifestations of lead workers of Mangalore, India. / Kuruvilla, Ajee; Pillay, V. V.; Adhikari, Prabha; Venkatesh, T.; Chakrapani, M.; Jayaprakash Rao, H. T.; Bastia, Binaya K.; Rajeev, A.; Saralaya, K. M.; Rai, Maneesh.

In: Toxicology and Industrial Health, Vol. 22, No. 9, 2006, p. 405-413.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Kuruvilla A, Pillay VV, Adhikari P, Venkatesh T, Chakrapani M, Jayaprakash Rao HT et al. Clinical manifestations of lead workers of Mangalore, India. Toxicology and Industrial Health. 2006;22(9):405-413. https://doi.org/10.1177/0748233706074174