Clinical profile, management and outcome of patients with leptospirosis during the times of covid-19 pandemic: A prospective study from a tertiary care centre in south india

Nitin Gupta, William Wilson, Prithvishree Ravindra, Sowmya Joylin, Rachana Bhat, Kavitha Saravu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Leptospirosis is a rodent-borne acute febrile illness, classically seen after heavy rainfall and floods. This study aimed to describe the clinical profile, management strategies and outcome of patients with leptospirosis amidst the Coronavirus disease-2019 outbreak. A prospective study of adult patients with undifferentiated fever (5-15 days) was conducted in South India between October 2020 and February 2021. The demographic, clinical details, laboratory details, treatment and outcome of leptospirosis positive (based on serology) and negative patients were compared. A chisquare test was used for qualitative variables, while an independent t-test or Mann Whitney U test was used for continuous variables. Of the 206 patients with suspected acute febrile illness, a total of 63 patients were diagnosed with leptospirosis based on serology results. The median sequential organ failure assessment score was higher in those with leptospirosis (p<0.001). Myalgia, abdominal pain, jaundice, decreased urine output, myocarditis, and dialysis requirement were more common in patients with leptospirosis. Leucocytosis and raised procalcitonin/ C-reactive protein were more common in patients with leptospirosis. The duration of stay and antibiotic consumption was higher in patients with leptospirosis. Acute febrile illness such as leptospirosis should be suspected in tropical areas with significant risk factors. The presence of conjunctival suffusion, hepatic and renal dysfunction should warrant a serology test for leptospirosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-401
Number of pages9
JournalInfezioni in Medicina
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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