Clinical profile of disseminated cryptococcal infection-a case series

Vishwanath Sathyanarayanan, Ragini Bekur, Abdul Razak, Joydeep Chakraborty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To study disseminated cryptococcal infection in a tertiary care hospital in Southern India. Methods: The clinical profile of 12 disseminated cryptococcosis patients with the age group of 28-52 years was retrospectively analyzed. Results: 7(58.3%) presented with fever < 30 days and 3(25%) > 30 days whereas 2(16.7%) did not have fever. All the 12(100%) had headache, 2(16.7%) had altered sensorium, one (8%) seizure. 5(41.7%) had diarrhea and vomiting. 6(50%) had oral candidiasis, and anemia. 9(75%) had elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). 6(50%) had neck stiffness. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure was elevated in all 12(100%) patients. Blood culture positive for Cryptococcus neoformans(C. neoformans) in 11(91.7%) and CSF culture positive in all 12 (100%), one (8%) had urine culture positive. India ink preparation was positive in 10(83.3%). CD4 count was less than 50/microl in 4 (33.3%), between 50-100 in 6(50%) and 2(16.7%) in the range of 100-200. 6(50%) were treated with parenteral amphotericin B (0.7 mg/kg/d) during intensive phase followed by oral fluconazole 400 mg/d for 8 weeks then maintenance oral fluconazole 200 mg/d. 5(41.6%) were treated with fluconazole alone. 8(66.7%) improved and 4(33.3%) patients died. Among those who succumbed to the illness, 2(16.7%) received amphotericin and fluconazole, 2(16.7%) patients received fluconazole alone. Conclusions: Disseminated cryptococcosis can cause considerable mortality in HIV patients and immunocompromised non- HIV individuals. At times, its presentation closely mimics that of Tuberculosis. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment should be started as early as possible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)818-820
Number of pages3
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Volume3
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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