Background: Forefoot eczema (FE) is characterized by dry fissured dermatitis of the plantar surface of the feet. Aim: To study the clinical profile of FE and the possible etiological factors. Methods: Forty-two patients with FE were included in the study. A detailed history was recorded and examination done. Fungal scrapings and patch test with Indian Standard Series (ISS) were performed in all patients. Results: The most common site affected was the plantar surface of the great toe in 16 (38.09%) patients. Hand involvement, with fissuring and soreness of the fingertips and palm, was seen in four patients (9.5%). Seven patients (16.6%) had a personal history of atopy whereas family history of atopy was present in six (14.2%). Seven patients (16.6%) reported aggravation of itching with plastic, rubber or leather footwear, and 13 (30.9%), with detergents and prolonged contact with water. Negative fungal scrapings in all patients ruled out a dermatophyte infection. Patch testing with ISS was performed in 19 patients and was positive in five. Conclusions: FE is a distinctive dermatosis of the second and third decade, predominantly in females, with a multifactorial etiology, possible factors being chronic irritation, atopy, footwear and seasonal influence.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology|
|Publication status||Published - 01-05-2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes