Clinico-epidemiological profile of psychiatric disorders among children in a tertiary care hospital of Southern India

Savindika Chamari Nawarathna, Sonu Hangma Subba, Arunav Guha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health disorders are one of the leading causes of disability worldwide and it is as common in children. Anywhere between one to three children may be suffering from psychiatric disorders at any point in time. Aim: This study intended to find the pattern of psychiatric disorders and associated sociodemographic factors among children attending the psychiatric department in a tertiary care hospital in Southern India. Materials and Methods: An analysis was conducted of patients who attended the psychiatric clinic from April 2012 to March 2013. Disorders were classified according to International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition (ICD-10) criteria. Data obtained was analysed by SPSS 11.5 version. Chi-square test was used to see association and p<0.05 was taken as significant. Results: The mean age of the children was 10.9 years (SD=4.3). Predominance of males was noticed. It was seen that the male children, mostly suffered from Pervasive and specific developmental disorders (n=105; 31.1%). While in the female children, a prominence of anxiety, dissociative, stress-related, somatoform and other non-psychotic mental disorders was seen (n=52; 27.1%). Co-morbidity of psychiatric disorders was seen with intellectual disability and a seasonal predominance of psychiatric disorders was seen during autumn. Conclusion: Children presenting with psychiatric disorders in the hospital showed a wide age range and among them, males outnumbered females. Psychiatric disorders showed seasonal variation and the types of disorder varied significantly with age, gender and religion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-8
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tertiary Healthcare
Tertiary Care Centers
Psychiatry
India
Mental Disorders
Health
Child Psychiatry
Religion
International Classification of Diseases
Chi-Square Distribution
Intellectual Disability
Mental Health
Anxiety
Morbidity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

Nawarathna, Savindika Chamari ; Subba, Sonu Hangma ; Guha, Arunav. / Clinico-epidemiological profile of psychiatric disorders among children in a tertiary care hospital of Southern India. In: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2016 ; Vol. 10, No. 3. pp. 5-8.
@article{c568c2f1de614ab9bed6ef13e1a5f93f,
title = "Clinico-epidemiological profile of psychiatric disorders among children in a tertiary care hospital of Southern India",
abstract = "Introduction: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health disorders are one of the leading causes of disability worldwide and it is as common in children. Anywhere between one to three children may be suffering from psychiatric disorders at any point in time. Aim: This study intended to find the pattern of psychiatric disorders and associated sociodemographic factors among children attending the psychiatric department in a tertiary care hospital in Southern India. Materials and Methods: An analysis was conducted of patients who attended the psychiatric clinic from April 2012 to March 2013. Disorders were classified according to International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition (ICD-10) criteria. Data obtained was analysed by SPSS 11.5 version. Chi-square test was used to see association and p<0.05 was taken as significant. Results: The mean age of the children was 10.9 years (SD=4.3). Predominance of males was noticed. It was seen that the male children, mostly suffered from Pervasive and specific developmental disorders (n=105; 31.1{\%}). While in the female children, a prominence of anxiety, dissociative, stress-related, somatoform and other non-psychotic mental disorders was seen (n=52; 27.1{\%}). Co-morbidity of psychiatric disorders was seen with intellectual disability and a seasonal predominance of psychiatric disorders was seen during autumn. Conclusion: Children presenting with psychiatric disorders in the hospital showed a wide age range and among them, males outnumbered females. Psychiatric disorders showed seasonal variation and the types of disorder varied significantly with age, gender and religion.",
author = "Nawarathna, {Savindika Chamari} and Subba, {Sonu Hangma} and Arunav Guha",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.7860/JCDR/2016/16375.7491",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "5--8",
journal = "Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research",
issn = "2249-782X",
publisher = "Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research",
number = "3",

}

Clinico-epidemiological profile of psychiatric disorders among children in a tertiary care hospital of Southern India. / Nawarathna, Savindika Chamari; Subba, Sonu Hangma; Guha, Arunav.

In: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, Vol. 10, No. 3, 01.03.2016, p. 5-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Clinico-epidemiological profile of psychiatric disorders among children in a tertiary care hospital of Southern India

AU - Nawarathna, Savindika Chamari

AU - Subba, Sonu Hangma

AU - Guha, Arunav

PY - 2016/3/1

Y1 - 2016/3/1

N2 - Introduction: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health disorders are one of the leading causes of disability worldwide and it is as common in children. Anywhere between one to three children may be suffering from psychiatric disorders at any point in time. Aim: This study intended to find the pattern of psychiatric disorders and associated sociodemographic factors among children attending the psychiatric department in a tertiary care hospital in Southern India. Materials and Methods: An analysis was conducted of patients who attended the psychiatric clinic from April 2012 to March 2013. Disorders were classified according to International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition (ICD-10) criteria. Data obtained was analysed by SPSS 11.5 version. Chi-square test was used to see association and p<0.05 was taken as significant. Results: The mean age of the children was 10.9 years (SD=4.3). Predominance of males was noticed. It was seen that the male children, mostly suffered from Pervasive and specific developmental disorders (n=105; 31.1%). While in the female children, a prominence of anxiety, dissociative, stress-related, somatoform and other non-psychotic mental disorders was seen (n=52; 27.1%). Co-morbidity of psychiatric disorders was seen with intellectual disability and a seasonal predominance of psychiatric disorders was seen during autumn. Conclusion: Children presenting with psychiatric disorders in the hospital showed a wide age range and among them, males outnumbered females. Psychiatric disorders showed seasonal variation and the types of disorder varied significantly with age, gender and religion.

AB - Introduction: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health disorders are one of the leading causes of disability worldwide and it is as common in children. Anywhere between one to three children may be suffering from psychiatric disorders at any point in time. Aim: This study intended to find the pattern of psychiatric disorders and associated sociodemographic factors among children attending the psychiatric department in a tertiary care hospital in Southern India. Materials and Methods: An analysis was conducted of patients who attended the psychiatric clinic from April 2012 to March 2013. Disorders were classified according to International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition (ICD-10) criteria. Data obtained was analysed by SPSS 11.5 version. Chi-square test was used to see association and p<0.05 was taken as significant. Results: The mean age of the children was 10.9 years (SD=4.3). Predominance of males was noticed. It was seen that the male children, mostly suffered from Pervasive and specific developmental disorders (n=105; 31.1%). While in the female children, a prominence of anxiety, dissociative, stress-related, somatoform and other non-psychotic mental disorders was seen (n=52; 27.1%). Co-morbidity of psychiatric disorders was seen with intellectual disability and a seasonal predominance of psychiatric disorders was seen during autumn. Conclusion: Children presenting with psychiatric disorders in the hospital showed a wide age range and among them, males outnumbered females. Psychiatric disorders showed seasonal variation and the types of disorder varied significantly with age, gender and religion.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84961246623&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84961246623&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.7860/JCDR/2016/16375.7491

DO - 10.7860/JCDR/2016/16375.7491

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 5

EP - 8

JO - Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research

JF - Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research

SN - 2249-782X

IS - 3

ER -