Coinfection of leptospirosis and coronavirus disease 2019: A retrospective case series from a coastal region in South India

Nitin Gupta, William Wilson, Prithvishree Ravindra, Roshini Raghu, Kavitha Saravu

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Abstract

During the monsoon season of 2020, the coastal areas of South India were endemic to both leptospirosis and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study aimed to investigate the clinical features and outcomes of patients infected with both infections. A retrospective review of charts of all patients with COVID-19 who were also diagnosed with leptospirosis by immunoglobulin M enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was undertaken. The clinical features, laboratory report, treatment details, and outcomes of all the included patients were recorded. The collected data were summarized as the frequency with percentage for categorical data and the mean or median for continuous data. Twenty-four cases of coinfections were admitted between July and November 2020. Most of these patients were categorized as severe COVID-19 (n = 15, 62.5%). Acute kidney injury was seen in 79.2% (n = 19) patients, while raised bilirubin was present in 79.2% (n = 19) of the patients. All patients had raised C-reactive protein, while all but one had raised procalcitonin. Thrombocytopenia, leucocytosis, and leukocytopenia were seen in 91.7% (n = 22), 45.8% (n = 11), and 12.5% (n = 3) of the patients. The median duration of hospital stay was 11 (8.25–15) days. A total of 79.2% (n = 19) of the patients improved and were discharged, while 20.8% (n = 5) died during the hospital stay. In conclusion, patients with fever and atypical manifestations such as hepatic dysfunction, renal dysfunction, and thrombocytopenia should be evaluated for leptospirosis even if they are COVID positive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4508-4511
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Medical Virology
Volume94
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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