Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized by the presence of hepatic steatosis, oxidative stress, inflammation, and hepatocyte injury with or without fibrosis. In this study, we explored the effect of APD668, a GPR119 agonist alone or in combination with linagliptin, a DPPIV inhibitor, on the progression of steatohepatitis in a murine model of NASH with diabetes. A novel NASH model with diabetes was generated by administration of streptozotocin injection to neonatal C57BL/6 mice (2–3 days old) combined with a high-fat diet feeding from the age of 4 weeks. The plasma biochemical parameters, oxidative stress, inflammation and histopathological changes were assessed. APD668 alone showed reduction in plasma glucose (− 39%, P < 0.05) and triglyceride level (− 26%) whereas a combined treatment of APD668 with linagliptin resulted in a more pronounced reduction in plasma glucose (− 52%, P < 0.001) and triglyceride (− 50%, P < 0.05) in NASH mice. In addition, co-administration of APD668 with linagliptin demonstrated a significant decrease in hepatic triglyceride, NAS score, hepatic TBARS and hepatic TNF-α in NASH mice with diabetes. These findings suggest that GPR119 receptor agonists in combination with DPPIV inhibitors may represent a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of NASH.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Biology