Objective: Measurement of a component within the reference value is a widely used parameter in Biomedical Science. This study highlights the value of morphometric changes in healthy individuals’ brainstem structure and their application in the detection and diagnosis of neurodegenerative disorders. Methods: This retrospective study included magnetic resonance (MR) images of 50 healthy individuals without neurological diseases, 35 clinically diagnosed individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD), and 12 individuals with Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP). Measurements of midbrain area, pons area, ratio of midbrain to pons area, superior profile of midbrain, thickness of substantia nigra (SN), cerebral crus width, interpeduncular distance, and concavity of the crus were analysed as per the standard protocol. Results: Patients with PD had mean anteroposterior diameter of 1.11 ± 0.1 cm, which was more than the control group and PSP patients. Additionally, PSP patients showed the least midbrain and pons area of 1.06 ± 0.34 and 4.01 ± 1.2 sq.cm, respectively, compared to other groups. The ratio of midbrain to pons area was the least among PSP patients (0.21 ± 0.06 cm). Mean thickness of the right and left middle cerebellar peduncles (1.25 ± 0.19 and 1.24 ± 0.17 cm) was less in the PD group. The width of the SN gradually reduced in PD and more so in PSP patients. The convex superior profile of the midbrain was a consistent feature in all groups. Conclusion: This study highlights the value of morphometrics of the brainstem profile in differentiating neurodegenerative diseases among aged, healthy individuals when combined with their clinical data.
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