Comparative study of lifestyle-related risk factors of periodontal disease among urban and rural population of India

Ritesh Singla, Shashidhar Acharya, Nishu Singla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To compare participants’ lifestyle-related risk factors for periodontal disease between urban and rural population. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study consisting of a structured questionnaire on health practice index (HPI), oral health-related behavior, and personal habits as well as sociodemographic variables was conducted on 800 subjects aged 20 to 50 years attending dental outreach centers of Manipal College of Dental Sciences in urban and rural areas of Udupi District. Clinical examination for periodontal status was done by using community periodontal index, simplified oral hygiene index, and gingival index. Statistical analysis of the data was done using chi-square. Results: It was found that except the number of hours of work/day (p = 0.02) urban participants had significantly better occupations, higher education, more income, better oral health care behaviors like dental visits, device of cleaning, frequency of cleaning, method of cleaning, healthier personal habits like tobacco chewing, pan chewing (< 0.001 respectively), physical exercise, mental stress levels and healthier overall lifestyles (p < 0.001 respectively) than the rural participants. It was also found that more number of urban participants had better oral hygiene status (p < 0.001), gingival status (p < 0.001), and healthier periodontium (p = 0.002) than the rural counterparts. Conclusion: These findings suggest that rural participants had more lifestyle-related risk factors for periodontitis as well as less healthy periodontium than the urban participants. Patient’s involvement in self-care by promoting healthy lifestyles is needed especially in rural areas where adequate treatment facilities are lacking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-134
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Journal of Dentistry
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-07-2016

Fingerprint

Urban Population
Periodontal Diseases
Rural Population
Life Style
Periodontal Index
India
Periodontium
Tooth
Oral Health
Habits
Oral Hygiene Index
Patient Participation
Statistical Data Interpretation
Oral Hygiene
Periodontitis
Mastication
Tobacco Use
Self Care
Occupations
Cross-Sectional Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

@article{8370478c56734051abd922db83545c8b,
title = "Comparative study of lifestyle-related risk factors of periodontal disease among urban and rural population of India",
abstract = "Aim: To compare participants’ lifestyle-related risk factors for periodontal disease between urban and rural population. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study consisting of a structured questionnaire on health practice index (HPI), oral health-related behavior, and personal habits as well as sociodemographic variables was conducted on 800 subjects aged 20 to 50 years attending dental outreach centers of Manipal College of Dental Sciences in urban and rural areas of Udupi District. Clinical examination for periodontal status was done by using community periodontal index, simplified oral hygiene index, and gingival index. Statistical analysis of the data was done using chi-square. Results: It was found that except the number of hours of work/day (p = 0.02) urban participants had significantly better occupations, higher education, more income, better oral health care behaviors like dental visits, device of cleaning, frequency of cleaning, method of cleaning, healthier personal habits like tobacco chewing, pan chewing (< 0.001 respectively), physical exercise, mental stress levels and healthier overall lifestyles (p < 0.001 respectively) than the rural participants. It was also found that more number of urban participants had better oral hygiene status (p < 0.001), gingival status (p < 0.001), and healthier periodontium (p = 0.002) than the rural counterparts. Conclusion: These findings suggest that rural participants had more lifestyle-related risk factors for periodontitis as well as less healthy periodontium than the urban participants. Patient’s involvement in self-care by promoting healthy lifestyles is needed especially in rural areas where adequate treatment facilities are lacking.",
author = "Ritesh Singla and Shashidhar Acharya and Nishu Singla",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1381",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "129--134",
journal = "World Journal of Dentistry",
issn = "0976-6006",
publisher = "Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd",
number = "3",

}

Comparative study of lifestyle-related risk factors of periodontal disease among urban and rural population of India. / Singla, Ritesh; Acharya, Shashidhar; Singla, Nishu.

In: World Journal of Dentistry, Vol. 7, No. 3, 01.07.2016, p. 129-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparative study of lifestyle-related risk factors of periodontal disease among urban and rural population of India

AU - Singla, Ritesh

AU - Acharya, Shashidhar

AU - Singla, Nishu

PY - 2016/7/1

Y1 - 2016/7/1

N2 - Aim: To compare participants’ lifestyle-related risk factors for periodontal disease between urban and rural population. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study consisting of a structured questionnaire on health practice index (HPI), oral health-related behavior, and personal habits as well as sociodemographic variables was conducted on 800 subjects aged 20 to 50 years attending dental outreach centers of Manipal College of Dental Sciences in urban and rural areas of Udupi District. Clinical examination for periodontal status was done by using community periodontal index, simplified oral hygiene index, and gingival index. Statistical analysis of the data was done using chi-square. Results: It was found that except the number of hours of work/day (p = 0.02) urban participants had significantly better occupations, higher education, more income, better oral health care behaviors like dental visits, device of cleaning, frequency of cleaning, method of cleaning, healthier personal habits like tobacco chewing, pan chewing (< 0.001 respectively), physical exercise, mental stress levels and healthier overall lifestyles (p < 0.001 respectively) than the rural participants. It was also found that more number of urban participants had better oral hygiene status (p < 0.001), gingival status (p < 0.001), and healthier periodontium (p = 0.002) than the rural counterparts. Conclusion: These findings suggest that rural participants had more lifestyle-related risk factors for periodontitis as well as less healthy periodontium than the urban participants. Patient’s involvement in self-care by promoting healthy lifestyles is needed especially in rural areas where adequate treatment facilities are lacking.

AB - Aim: To compare participants’ lifestyle-related risk factors for periodontal disease between urban and rural population. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study consisting of a structured questionnaire on health practice index (HPI), oral health-related behavior, and personal habits as well as sociodemographic variables was conducted on 800 subjects aged 20 to 50 years attending dental outreach centers of Manipal College of Dental Sciences in urban and rural areas of Udupi District. Clinical examination for periodontal status was done by using community periodontal index, simplified oral hygiene index, and gingival index. Statistical analysis of the data was done using chi-square. Results: It was found that except the number of hours of work/day (p = 0.02) urban participants had significantly better occupations, higher education, more income, better oral health care behaviors like dental visits, device of cleaning, frequency of cleaning, method of cleaning, healthier personal habits like tobacco chewing, pan chewing (< 0.001 respectively), physical exercise, mental stress levels and healthier overall lifestyles (p < 0.001 respectively) than the rural participants. It was also found that more number of urban participants had better oral hygiene status (p < 0.001), gingival status (p < 0.001), and healthier periodontium (p = 0.002) than the rural counterparts. Conclusion: These findings suggest that rural participants had more lifestyle-related risk factors for periodontitis as well as less healthy periodontium than the urban participants. Patient’s involvement in self-care by promoting healthy lifestyles is needed especially in rural areas where adequate treatment facilities are lacking.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84987870702&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84987870702&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1381

DO - 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1381

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 129

EP - 134

JO - World Journal of Dentistry

JF - World Journal of Dentistry

SN - 0976-6006

IS - 3

ER -