Comparison of perceptions towards modified pbl and didactic lecture among first year medical students in india

Ravindra Maradi, Chandana Bhargavi, K. Kishan, Krishnananda Prabhuvi, Vaideki Bvi, Prashanth N. Dixitvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Most of the Western Medical schools have implemented Problem Based Learning (PBL) for many years and found that it facilitates deeper learning and longer retention of knowledge required for the patient care. But in India, because of the high ratio of students to faculty and lack of resources, it is very difficult to implement proper PBL. The present study is done to know the perceptions of medical students towards MPBL (Modified problem based learning) and didactic lecture. Materials and Method: 165 students who have completed I MBBS and undergone MPBL and didactic lecture at Kasturba Medical College, Manipal were involved in the study. Informed consent and feedback was taken through a validated questionnaire. A descriptive analysis was done. Results: Our study showed didactic lecture is better suited for understanding of medical concepts (58%), examination performance (77%), focus on important issues (59%), understanding and longer retention (57%), coverage of syllabus (82%), learning of new information and clarification of existing information (47%). For motivation, self-directed learning and use of additional learning resources (55%), active involvement (48%), fun and enjoyable (52%), improvement in confidence, communication and presentation skills (75%), critical thinking (51%), leadership qualities and team work (76%), application of basic science knowledge to diagnose the diseases (51%) and integration of preclinical subjects (61%) modified PBL is the preferred method. Conclusions: The present study shows that a hybrid model of teaching and learning method (MPBL + Didactic Lectures) is more suitable for Indian Medical Schools than MPBL alone as our students have not been exposed to such Teaching and Learning methods in their pre-professional years. Also our assessment methods are not suitable for evaluation of MPBL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-169
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09-2019

    Fingerprint

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this