Comparison of surface radiation dose to the gonads by radiographic examination of the lumbar spine using computed radiography and direct digital radiography

Priyanka, Rahul P. Kotian, Nitika C. Panakkal

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Introduction: Lumbar spine radiography is an inexpensive and quick imaging technique which is often used for the evaluation of bony structures and initial screening examination for suspected fractures, congenital spinal defects, malalignment, and degenerative changes of the spine. During lumbar spine radiography, gonads are also irradiated. As gonads are radiosensitive organs, biological damage produced by radiation is closely related to the amount of energy absorbed. Surface radiation dose (SRD) is a measurement of dose received by the skin of the patient where the X-ray beam passes through the patient. Objectives: The objectives are aimed to study the comparison of SRD to the gonads by radiographic examination of the lumbar spine using computed radiography (CR) and direct digital radiography (DR) and to evaluate dose differences according to gender. Methods: A total of 120 subjects with an equal number of males and females referred for lumbar spine anteroposterior (AP) and lateral was included in the study. Sixty patients had undergone X-ray in CR X-ray unit and 60 in DR X-ray unit. SRD to gonads from a radiographic examination of the lumbar spine was measured in CR and DR using Mult-O-Meter, and obtained value of SRD was in µGy. Statistical analysis was performed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Data were represented as a median and interquartile range. Mann-Whitney U-test was used for the comparison of SRD to gonads. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test was used to find out the statistically significant difference in SRD to the gonads according to gender from radiography of lumbar spine taken using CR and direct DR. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in SRD to gonads from radiography of lumbar spine AP and lateral taken using CR and direct DR (p<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in SRD to the gonads in males and females from radiography of lumbar spine AP (p=0.577) and lateral (p=0.164) taken using CR and direct DR. Conclusion: It was found that SRD to gonads from lumbar spine AP was 54% lower in direct DR and SRD to gonads from lumbar spine lateral was 68% lower in direct DR than CR.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)52-55
    Number of pages4
    JournalAsian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
    Volume10
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2017

    Fingerprint

    Radiographic Image Enhancement
    Gonads
    Radiography
    Spine
    Radiation
    X-Rays
    Spinal Fractures
    Social Sciences
    Nonparametric Statistics
    Analysis of Variance

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Pharmacology
    • Pharmaceutical Science
    • Pharmacology (medical)

    Cite this

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    title = "Comparison of surface radiation dose to the gonads by radiographic examination of the lumbar spine using computed radiography and direct digital radiography",
    abstract = "Introduction: Lumbar spine radiography is an inexpensive and quick imaging technique which is often used for the evaluation of bony structures and initial screening examination for suspected fractures, congenital spinal defects, malalignment, and degenerative changes of the spine. During lumbar spine radiography, gonads are also irradiated. As gonads are radiosensitive organs, biological damage produced by radiation is closely related to the amount of energy absorbed. Surface radiation dose (SRD) is a measurement of dose received by the skin of the patient where the X-ray beam passes through the patient. Objectives: The objectives are aimed to study the comparison of SRD to the gonads by radiographic examination of the lumbar spine using computed radiography (CR) and direct digital radiography (DR) and to evaluate dose differences according to gender. Methods: A total of 120 subjects with an equal number of males and females referred for lumbar spine anteroposterior (AP) and lateral was included in the study. Sixty patients had undergone X-ray in CR X-ray unit and 60 in DR X-ray unit. SRD to gonads from a radiographic examination of the lumbar spine was measured in CR and DR using Mult-O-Meter, and obtained value of SRD was in µGy. Statistical analysis was performed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Data were represented as a median and interquartile range. Mann-Whitney U-test was used for the comparison of SRD to gonads. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test was used to find out the statistically significant difference in SRD to the gonads according to gender from radiography of lumbar spine taken using CR and direct DR. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in SRD to gonads from radiography of lumbar spine AP and lateral taken using CR and direct DR (p<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in SRD to the gonads in males and females from radiography of lumbar spine AP (p=0.577) and lateral (p=0.164) taken using CR and direct DR. Conclusion: It was found that SRD to gonads from lumbar spine AP was 54{\%} lower in direct DR and SRD to gonads from lumbar spine lateral was 68{\%} lower in direct DR than CR.",
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    Comparison of surface radiation dose to the gonads by radiographic examination of the lumbar spine using computed radiography and direct digital radiography. / Priyanka; Kotian, Rahul P.; Panakkal, Nitika C.

    In: Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 10, No. 12, 01.01.2017, p. 52-55.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Comparison of surface radiation dose to the gonads by radiographic examination of the lumbar spine using computed radiography and direct digital radiography

    AU - Priyanka,

    AU - Kotian, Rahul P.

    AU - Panakkal, Nitika C.

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    N2 - Introduction: Lumbar spine radiography is an inexpensive and quick imaging technique which is often used for the evaluation of bony structures and initial screening examination for suspected fractures, congenital spinal defects, malalignment, and degenerative changes of the spine. During lumbar spine radiography, gonads are also irradiated. As gonads are radiosensitive organs, biological damage produced by radiation is closely related to the amount of energy absorbed. Surface radiation dose (SRD) is a measurement of dose received by the skin of the patient where the X-ray beam passes through the patient. Objectives: The objectives are aimed to study the comparison of SRD to the gonads by radiographic examination of the lumbar spine using computed radiography (CR) and direct digital radiography (DR) and to evaluate dose differences according to gender. Methods: A total of 120 subjects with an equal number of males and females referred for lumbar spine anteroposterior (AP) and lateral was included in the study. Sixty patients had undergone X-ray in CR X-ray unit and 60 in DR X-ray unit. SRD to gonads from a radiographic examination of the lumbar spine was measured in CR and DR using Mult-O-Meter, and obtained value of SRD was in µGy. Statistical analysis was performed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Data were represented as a median and interquartile range. Mann-Whitney U-test was used for the comparison of SRD to gonads. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test was used to find out the statistically significant difference in SRD to the gonads according to gender from radiography of lumbar spine taken using CR and direct DR. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in SRD to gonads from radiography of lumbar spine AP and lateral taken using CR and direct DR (p<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in SRD to the gonads in males and females from radiography of lumbar spine AP (p=0.577) and lateral (p=0.164) taken using CR and direct DR. Conclusion: It was found that SRD to gonads from lumbar spine AP was 54% lower in direct DR and SRD to gonads from lumbar spine lateral was 68% lower in direct DR than CR.

    AB - Introduction: Lumbar spine radiography is an inexpensive and quick imaging technique which is often used for the evaluation of bony structures and initial screening examination for suspected fractures, congenital spinal defects, malalignment, and degenerative changes of the spine. During lumbar spine radiography, gonads are also irradiated. As gonads are radiosensitive organs, biological damage produced by radiation is closely related to the amount of energy absorbed. Surface radiation dose (SRD) is a measurement of dose received by the skin of the patient where the X-ray beam passes through the patient. Objectives: The objectives are aimed to study the comparison of SRD to the gonads by radiographic examination of the lumbar spine using computed radiography (CR) and direct digital radiography (DR) and to evaluate dose differences according to gender. Methods: A total of 120 subjects with an equal number of males and females referred for lumbar spine anteroposterior (AP) and lateral was included in the study. Sixty patients had undergone X-ray in CR X-ray unit and 60 in DR X-ray unit. SRD to gonads from a radiographic examination of the lumbar spine was measured in CR and DR using Mult-O-Meter, and obtained value of SRD was in µGy. Statistical analysis was performed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Data were represented as a median and interquartile range. Mann-Whitney U-test was used for the comparison of SRD to gonads. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test was used to find out the statistically significant difference in SRD to the gonads according to gender from radiography of lumbar spine taken using CR and direct DR. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in SRD to gonads from radiography of lumbar spine AP and lateral taken using CR and direct DR (p<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in SRD to the gonads in males and females from radiography of lumbar spine AP (p=0.577) and lateral (p=0.164) taken using CR and direct DR. Conclusion: It was found that SRD to gonads from lumbar spine AP was 54% lower in direct DR and SRD to gonads from lumbar spine lateral was 68% lower in direct DR than CR.

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