Compliance with iron-folic acid (IFA) therapy among pregnant women in an urban area of South India

P. Mithra, B. Unnikrishnan, T. Rekha, K. Nithin, K. Mohan, V. Kulkarni, R. Holla, D. Agarwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Anaemia is highly prevalent among pregnant women and iron deficiency is the most important cause. Like many other countries, India has policies to give pregnant women iron supplements. Non-compliance is one important challenging factor in combating anaemia. Objective: To estimate the compliance for IFA tablets among pregnant women and to study the social factors influencing it. Methodology: This study included 190 pregnant women seeking ante-natal care in tertiary health Centres in the Mangalore city in South India. After Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC) approval, data was collected by personal interview. Missing ≥2 doses consecutively was considered non-compliance. The data was analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version 11.5. Results: The mean age of the study population was 25.8 years (SD: 4.1). Majority of the subjects consumed mixed diet and 72.1% belonged to lower socioeconomic status. Overall, compliance with IFA tablets was 64.7%. Compliance increased with the increase in age, birth order and single daily dose. Forgetfulness and both perceived as well as experienced side effects of IFA therapy were the important factors for non-compliance. Conclusion: There was a moderate level of Compliance towards IFA tablets with key social and demographic factors playing important role.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAfrican Health Sciences
Volume14
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Folic Acid
Pregnant Women
India
Iron
Tablets
Compliance
Anemia
Therapeutics
Ethics Committees
Birth Order
Social Sciences
Tertiary Healthcare
Social Class
Demography
Interviews
Diet
Health
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Compliance with iron-folic acid (IFA) therapy among pregnant women in an urban area of South India",
abstract = "Background: Anaemia is highly prevalent among pregnant women and iron deficiency is the most important cause. Like many other countries, India has policies to give pregnant women iron supplements. Non-compliance is one important challenging factor in combating anaemia. Objective: To estimate the compliance for IFA tablets among pregnant women and to study the social factors influencing it. Methodology: This study included 190 pregnant women seeking ante-natal care in tertiary health Centres in the Mangalore city in South India. After Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC) approval, data was collected by personal interview. Missing ≥2 doses consecutively was considered non-compliance. The data was analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version 11.5. Results: The mean age of the study population was 25.8 years (SD: 4.1). Majority of the subjects consumed mixed diet and 72.1{\%} belonged to lower socioeconomic status. Overall, compliance with IFA tablets was 64.7{\%}. Compliance increased with the increase in age, birth order and single daily dose. Forgetfulness and both perceived as well as experienced side effects of IFA therapy were the important factors for non-compliance. Conclusion: There was a moderate level of Compliance towards IFA tablets with key social and demographic factors playing important role.",
author = "P. Mithra and B. Unnikrishnan and T. Rekha and K. Nithin and K. Mohan and V. Kulkarni and R. Holla and D. Agarwal",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "African Health Sciences",
issn = "1680-6905",
publisher = "Makerere University, Medical School",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Compliance with iron-folic acid (IFA) therapy among pregnant women in an urban area of South India

AU - Mithra, P.

AU - Unnikrishnan, B.

AU - Rekha, T.

AU - Nithin, K.

AU - Mohan, K.

AU - Kulkarni, V.

AU - Holla, R.

AU - Agarwal, D.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background: Anaemia is highly prevalent among pregnant women and iron deficiency is the most important cause. Like many other countries, India has policies to give pregnant women iron supplements. Non-compliance is one important challenging factor in combating anaemia. Objective: To estimate the compliance for IFA tablets among pregnant women and to study the social factors influencing it. Methodology: This study included 190 pregnant women seeking ante-natal care in tertiary health Centres in the Mangalore city in South India. After Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC) approval, data was collected by personal interview. Missing ≥2 doses consecutively was considered non-compliance. The data was analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version 11.5. Results: The mean age of the study population was 25.8 years (SD: 4.1). Majority of the subjects consumed mixed diet and 72.1% belonged to lower socioeconomic status. Overall, compliance with IFA tablets was 64.7%. Compliance increased with the increase in age, birth order and single daily dose. Forgetfulness and both perceived as well as experienced side effects of IFA therapy were the important factors for non-compliance. Conclusion: There was a moderate level of Compliance towards IFA tablets with key social and demographic factors playing important role.

AB - Background: Anaemia is highly prevalent among pregnant women and iron deficiency is the most important cause. Like many other countries, India has policies to give pregnant women iron supplements. Non-compliance is one important challenging factor in combating anaemia. Objective: To estimate the compliance for IFA tablets among pregnant women and to study the social factors influencing it. Methodology: This study included 190 pregnant women seeking ante-natal care in tertiary health Centres in the Mangalore city in South India. After Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC) approval, data was collected by personal interview. Missing ≥2 doses consecutively was considered non-compliance. The data was analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version 11.5. Results: The mean age of the study population was 25.8 years (SD: 4.1). Majority of the subjects consumed mixed diet and 72.1% belonged to lower socioeconomic status. Overall, compliance with IFA tablets was 64.7%. Compliance increased with the increase in age, birth order and single daily dose. Forgetfulness and both perceived as well as experienced side effects of IFA therapy were the important factors for non-compliance. Conclusion: There was a moderate level of Compliance towards IFA tablets with key social and demographic factors playing important role.

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M3 - Article

VL - 14

JO - African Health Sciences

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