Bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs) are used in genomic variation studies due to their capacity to carry a large insert, their high clonal stability, low rate of chimerism and ease of manipulation. In the present study, an attempt was made to create the first genomic BAC library of an anonymous Indian male (IMBL4) consisting of 100,224 clones covering the human genome more than three times. Restriction mapping of 255 BAC clones by pulse field gel electrophoresis confirmed an average insert size of 120. kb. The library was screened by PCR using . SHANK3 (SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains 3) and . OLFM3 (olfactomedin 3) specific primers. A selection of clones was analyzed by fluorescent . in situ hybridization (FISH) and sequencing. Fine mapping of copy number variable regions by array based comparative genomic hybridization identified 467 CNVRs in the IMBL4 genome. The IMBL4 BAC library represents the first cataloged Indian genome resource for applications in basic and clinical research.
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