Comprehensive review on diabetes associated cardiovascular complications - the vitamin d perspective

Y. Durgarao, Poornima A. Manjrekar, Prabha Adhikari, M. Chakrapani, M. S. Rukmini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Vitamin D, a steroid hormone is primarily known for its role in calcium and bone mineral homeostasis. Over the years, vitamin D has been implicated in various non-skeletal diseases. The extraskeletal phenomenon can be attributed to the presence of vitamin D receptors (VDRs) in almost all cells and identification of 1-α hydroxylase in extrarenal tissues. The vitamin D deficiency (VDD) pandemic was globally reported with increasing evidence and paralleled the prevalence of diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). A dependent link was proposed between hypovitaminosis D glycemic status, insulin resistance and also the other major factors associated with type 2 diabetes leading to CVDs. Insulin resistance plays a central role in both type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance syndrome. These 2 disorders are associated with distinct etiologies including hypertension, atherogenic dyslipidemia, and significant vascular abnormalities that could lead to endothelial dysfunction. Evidence from randomised clinical trials and meta-analysis, however, yielded conflicting results. This review summarizes the role of vitamin D in the regulation of glucose homeostasis with an emphasis on insulin resistance, blood pressure, dyslipidaemia, endothelial dysfunction and related cardiovascular diseases and also underline the plausible mechanisms for all the documented effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-153
Number of pages15
JournalCardiovascular and Hematological Disorders - Drug Targets
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2019

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Vitamins
Insulin Resistance
Vitamin D
Cardiovascular Diseases
Dyslipidemias
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Homeostasis
Calcitriol Receptors
Vitamin D Deficiency
Pandemics
Mixed Function Oxygenases
Minerals
Blood Vessels
Meta-Analysis
Randomized Controlled Trials
Obesity
Steroids
Hormones
Blood Pressure
Hypertension

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Hematology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

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Comprehensive review on diabetes associated cardiovascular complications - the vitamin d perspective. / Durgarao, Y.; Manjrekar, Poornima A.; Adhikari, Prabha; Chakrapani, M.; Rukmini, M. S.

In: Cardiovascular and Hematological Disorders - Drug Targets, Vol. 19, No. 2, 01.01.2019, p. 139-153.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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