Computational fluid dynamic study on effect of Carreau-Yasuda and Newtonian blood viscosity models on hemodynamic parameters

Nitesh Kumar, Abdul Khader, Raghuvir Pai, Panayiotis Kyriacou, Sanowar Khan, Prakashini Koteshwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Pulsatile blood flow through the human carotid artery is studied using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) in order to investigate the effect of blood rheology on the hemodynamic parameters. The carotid artery model used is segmented and reconstructed from the Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) of a specific patient. The results of a non-Newtonian (Carreau-Yasuda) model and a Newtonian model are studied and compared. The results are represented for each peak systole where it is observed that there is significant variation in the spatial parameters between the two models considered in the study. Comparison of local shear stress magnitude in different branches namely Common Carotid Artery (CCA), Internal Carotid Artery (ICA) and External Carotid Artery (ECA) show that the shear thinning property of blood influences the Wall Shear Stress (WSS) variation. This is observed in branches where there is reduction in diameter and where the diameter reduces due to plaque deposition and also in the region where there is flow recirculation like carotid sinus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-477
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Computational Methods in Sciences and Engineering
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2019

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Hemodynamics
Arteries
Computational Fluid Dynamics
Blood
Viscosity
Computational fluid dynamics
Shear stress
Branch
Shear thinning
Systole
Pulsatile Flow
Magnetic resonance
Rheology
Wall Shear Stress
Shear Thinning
Magnetic Resonance Image
Model
Blood Flow
Shear Stress
Internal

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Mathematics

Cite this

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abstract = "Pulsatile blood flow through the human carotid artery is studied using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) in order to investigate the effect of blood rheology on the hemodynamic parameters. The carotid artery model used is segmented and reconstructed from the Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) of a specific patient. The results of a non-Newtonian (Carreau-Yasuda) model and a Newtonian model are studied and compared. The results are represented for each peak systole where it is observed that there is significant variation in the spatial parameters between the two models considered in the study. Comparison of local shear stress magnitude in different branches namely Common Carotid Artery (CCA), Internal Carotid Artery (ICA) and External Carotid Artery (ECA) show that the shear thinning property of blood influences the Wall Shear Stress (WSS) variation. This is observed in branches where there is reduction in diameter and where the diameter reduces due to plaque deposition and also in the region where there is flow recirculation like carotid sinus.",
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Computational fluid dynamic study on effect of Carreau-Yasuda and Newtonian blood viscosity models on hemodynamic parameters. / Kumar, Nitesh; Khader, Abdul; Pai, Raghuvir; Kyriacou, Panayiotis; Khan, Sanowar; Koteshwara, Prakashini.

In: Journal of Computational Methods in Sciences and Engineering, Vol. 19, No. 2, 01.01.2019, p. 465-477.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Khan, Sanowar

AU - Koteshwara, Prakashini

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