Unsteady flow in a semi-infinite contracting or expanding pipe is reinvestigated using long series analysis. The proposed series method is useful in analysing the problem for a moderately large constant α (α = aȧ/v, where a = a(t), the radius of the pipe is a function of time, ȧ(t) is the velocity of the wall, and v is kinematic viscosity). For positive values of α (expansion of the pipe) accuracy of the series representing shear stress and pressure gradient is increased from α = 2·89 to α = 6·0 by extracting the singularity followed by completion of the series. For negative values of α (contraction of the pipe), we revert the series which results into the increase of the region of validity of the transposed series from α = -25·0 to α -2·89. Later we use Padé approximants for summing them. Also, the asymptotic solution for large values of α is obtained and it agrees closely with pure numerical values of shear stress at the wall and pressure gradient.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics (Institute of Mathematics and Its Applications)|
|Publication status||Published - 01-01-1998|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Mathematics