Correlation between cell survival and micronuclei formation in V79 cells treated with vindesine before exposure to different doses of γ-radiation

Ganesh Chandra Jagetia, Satish Kumar Adiga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effect of 20 nM vindesine sulphate (VDS) treatment was studied on cell survival, growth kinetics and micronuclei induction in V79 cells exposed to 0-300 cGy of γ-radiation at 16, 22 and 28 h post-irradiation. Treatment of V79 cells with VDS before exposure to different doses of gamma radiation resulted in a significant decline in cell survival and growth kinetic when compared with the concurrent PBS+irradiation group. The decline in cell survival and growth kinetics was dose related. Similarly, the cell proliferation indices also declined in a dose dependent manner in both PBS+irradiation and VDS+irradiation groups and this decline was higher in VDS+irradiation group in comparison with the PBS+irradiation group. In contrast, the frequency of micronuclei increased in a dose related manner in both PBS+irradiation and VDS+irradiation groups. However, the frequency of micronuclei was significantly greater in the VDS+irradiation group when compared to the PBS+irradiation group at all the post-irradiation time periods studied and the dose response for both groups was linear for all the scoring time periods. The biological response was determined by plotting surviving fraction and micronuclei frequencies on X- and Y-axes, respectively. The plot between surviving fraction and micronuclei induction showed a close correlation. The surviving fraction of V79 cells reduced with the increasing frequency of micronuclei in both groups and the relationship between micronuclei induction and cell survival could be fitted on a linear quadratic model. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-68
Number of pages12
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Volume448
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14-03-2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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