Correlation Between Microbiological Profiles of Adenoid Tissue and Nasal Discharge in Children with Co-existent Chronic Adenoiditis and Chronic Rhinosinusitis

Rohit Singh, R. Shilpa, Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay, Padmaja A. Shenoy, R. Balakrishnan, K. Devaraja

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Abstract

Chronic adenoiditis leading to adenoid hypertrophy is common in children. Many cases would also have co-existing chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Infact, long lasting bacterial infection of the adenoids has been hypothesized to be the cause for CRS in these children. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the departments of ENT and Micro-biology at Kasturba Hospital, Manipal, India between 2016 and 2017. 20 subjects who were diagnosed with CRS and adenoid hypertrophy took part in the study. Aerobic, anaerobic and fungal culture sensitivity of adenoid tissue was done along with aerobic and fungal culture sensitivity of nasal swabs from middle meatus. 2 out of 20 adenoid samples showed positive culture for aerobes and 19 adenoid samples grew anaerobic organisms. 7 out of 20 nasal swabs grew some aerobes and 2 were positive for fungal organisms. The correlation of microorganisms between adenoid hypertrophy and CRS was seen only in one patient in which methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus was grown. The present study showed mixed flora in the adenoid samples with anaerobic predominance. Aerobes were predominantly grown in nasal swabs from patients with CRS along with fungal colonizers. Though the study does not establish any bacteriological association with the CRS in our cohorts, the significant growth of the anaerobes from the core of the inflamed adenoids has prompted us to suggest the inclusion of the antibiotics against the anaerobes in the medical management of these children, whenever feasible. We think the addition of specific antibiotics to tackle anaerobes helps by hampering the further inflammatory hypertrophy of adenoid tissue.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIndian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 01-01-2020

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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