Correlation between xerostomia, hyposalivation, and oral microbial load with glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients

Junaid Ahmed, Ritika Jindal, Nandita Shenoy, Ceena Denny, J. Udayalakshmi, Srikala Baliga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims and objectives: The present study is an attempt to investigate prevalence of xerostomia and hyposalivation in type 2 diabetes mellitus using a modified Schirmer test (MST) and finding any association between xerostomia, hyposalivation, and oral microflora, namely, Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus spp., and Candida spp. with the glycemic control of individual. Background: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia and resulting in either lack or relative insufficiency of insulin. In addition to systemic alterations, oral manifestations of diabetes mellitus have been reported, such as xerostomia and hyposalivation, alteration in taste, caries, gingivitis, and periodontal disease. Materials and methods: Thirty individuals with known history of diabetes mellitus type 2 were chosen as cases and 30 ageand sex-matched healthy controls were taken as control group. For assessment of hyposalivation, unstimulated salivary flow rate was measured using a MST with a commercially available Schirmer test strip having a millimeter scale (0-35 mm). Results: In our study, we found that the difference in the wettability of Schirmer strip among diabetics and healthy controls was more significant at the end of the 1st minute due to decreased salivary flow in diabetics. Conclusion: A n e arly a ssessment o f s alivary f low a nd xerostomia in type 2 diabetic patients and its treatment, along with routine oral hygiene and maintenance, may alter the clinical outcomes of diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-86
Number of pages4
JournalWorld Journal of Dentistry
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2016

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Xerostomia
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus
Oral Manifestations
Wettability
Gingivitis
Streptococcus mutans
Glycemic Load
Oral Hygiene
Periodontal Diseases
Lactobacillus
Candida
Hyperglycemia
Maintenance
Insulin
Control Groups

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Correlation between xerostomia, hyposalivation, and oral microbial load with glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients",
abstract = "Aims and objectives: The present study is an attempt to investigate prevalence of xerostomia and hyposalivation in type 2 diabetes mellitus using a modified Schirmer test (MST) and finding any association between xerostomia, hyposalivation, and oral microflora, namely, Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus spp., and Candida spp. with the glycemic control of individual. Background: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia and resulting in either lack or relative insufficiency of insulin. In addition to systemic alterations, oral manifestations of diabetes mellitus have been reported, such as xerostomia and hyposalivation, alteration in taste, caries, gingivitis, and periodontal disease. Materials and methods: Thirty individuals with known history of diabetes mellitus type 2 were chosen as cases and 30 ageand sex-matched healthy controls were taken as control group. For assessment of hyposalivation, unstimulated salivary flow rate was measured using a MST with a commercially available Schirmer test strip having a millimeter scale (0-35 mm). Results: In our study, we found that the difference in the wettability of Schirmer strip among diabetics and healthy controls was more significant at the end of the 1st minute due to decreased salivary flow in diabetics. Conclusion: A n e arly a ssessment o f s alivary f low a nd xerostomia in type 2 diabetic patients and its treatment, along with routine oral hygiene and maintenance, may alter the clinical outcomes of diabetes.",
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Correlation between xerostomia, hyposalivation, and oral microbial load with glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients. / Ahmed, Junaid; Jindal, Ritika; Shenoy, Nandita; Denny, Ceena; Udayalakshmi, J.; Baliga, Srikala.

In: World Journal of Dentistry, Vol. 7, No. 2, 01.04.2016, p. 83-86.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Correlation between xerostomia, hyposalivation, and oral microbial load with glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients

AU - Ahmed, Junaid

AU - Jindal, Ritika

AU - Shenoy, Nandita

AU - Denny, Ceena

AU - Udayalakshmi, J.

AU - Baliga, Srikala

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