Correlation of body mass index and waist- hip ratio in normal and type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with and without hypertension

K. Narasimha Rai, P. S. Jeganathan

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In obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, the Waist/Hip ratio and BMI are significantly higher. The present study was undertaken to correlate the W/H ratio and BMI in healthy participants and type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. The study group was divided into control (non diabetic subjects, N= 57), Group 1(diabetic only patients, N=58), Group 2 (diabetic with hypertension patients, N=58). The W/H ratio was taken. In males the W/H ratio > 0.95 and in females W/H ratio > 0.80 is considered as abnormal W/H ratio. BMI is calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by the square of the height in meters (Kg/m2). If the BMI is >30 it is considered as obesity. The mean value of W/H ratio in Controls, Group 1 and Group 2 were 0.90 ± 0.00, 0.94 ± 0.00 and 0.95 ± 0.01 respectively. The mean value of BMI in controls, Group 1 and Group 2 were 24.26 ± 0.41, 25.63 ± 0.50 and 26.03 ± 0.71 respectively. When the inter comparison of controls, Group 1 and Group 2 for W/H ratio and BMI shows a significant increase in the two parameters in Group 1 and Group 2. The present data indicate the significant increase in W/H ratio and BMI in diabetes patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)828-831
Number of pages4
JournalResearch Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 01-07-2012
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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