Cortico-hippocampal salvage in chronic aluminium induced neurodegeneration by Celastruspaniculatus seed oil: Neurobehavioural, biochemical, histological study

Mrinmoy Chakrabarty, Priyanka Bhat, Sweta Kumari, Avin D'Souza, K. L. Bairy, Abhishek Chaturvedi, Archana Natarajan, K. G. Mohandas Rao, Shobha Kamath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effects of Celastruspaniculatus seed oil in preventing the onset of chronic aluminum induced cortico-hippocampal neurodegeneration and oxidative stress. Materials and Methods: An animal model of senile dementia of Alzheimer's type wasproduced by administering aluminum as aluminum chloride (4.2 mg/kg) intraperitoneally to male Wistar rats for 60days and results compared to untreated control. Neurobehavioral investigations of Morris water maze tests, passive avoidance test, rotarod test and biochemical estimations of acetylcholineterase, malondialdehyde, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, superoxide dismutase, and hemoglobin in blood were performed fortnightly which gauged the extent of global oxidative stress and progressive neural damage. Findings were fortified by the above enzyme assays and histology of brain at necropsy. Prophylactic oral C. paniculatus in two doses 0.5 ml and 1 ml, were given to animals and the results were analyzed in comparison to a similar rodent model with standard drug donepezil (0.5 mg/kg) intraperitoneally. Results: C. paniculatus showed a significant prevention in onset of aluminum induced neural insult and overall systemic oxidative stress which was corroborated by the enlisted neurobehavioral, biochemical, and histological evidence. Conclusion: C. paniculatus is a putative decelerator of Al-mediated Alzheimer's like pathobiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-171
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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