Cost-Effective HPLC-UV Method for Quantification of Vitamin D2 and D3 in Dried Blood Spot: A Potential Adjunct to Newborn Screening for Prophylaxis of Intractable Paediatric Seizures

Elizabeth Mary Mathew, Sudheer Moorkoth, Pankaj D. Rane, Leslie Lewis, Pragna Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25-(OH)D) deficiency is recently been described as one of the multiple factors responsible for pediatric seizures. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 and 25-Hydroxyvitamin D2 are the well-known markers to determine Vitamin D status. In this work we report the development of a sensitive and cost effective HPLC technique for the quantification of the vitamin D metabolites from dried blood spot samples (DBS). The metabolites were extracted using acetonitrile-methanol-0.1% formic acid (60 : 20 : 20 (v/v)) and analyzed on an Acclaim C18 column (150 × 4.6 mm i.d., 3 µm) at a flow rate of 1 mL/min. The method was linear in the range of 10-80 ng/mL. Limit of detection and limit of quantification (LOQ) of the method were 5 and 10 ng/mL respectively. Extensive stability studies demonstrated the analytes to be stable in stock and matrix with a percent change within the acceptable range of ±15%. Comparison of the newly developed HPLC-DBS method with the reported LC-MS-DBS and electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) methods followed by Bland-Altman analysis demonstrated a bias of 0.08 and -0.14, respectively proving the methods are comparable. Application of the developed method to a pediatric seizure cohort depicted 46.6% of cases as deficient and 26.6% as insufficient for 25-(OH)D. Among deficient cases 8 samples were below 10 ng/mL and exact amount was not calculated since these were below the LOQ levels. The mean  ±  standard deviation (S.D.) in the remaining 6 deficient cases was 13.22 ± 2.80 ng/mL. The levels in healthy infants were 33.9 ± 6.11 ng/mL. The method can be used routinely for assessing 25-(OH)D deficiency in newborn.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-95
Number of pages8
JournalChemical & pharmaceutical bulletin
Volume67
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2019

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Ergocalciferols
Pediatrics
Cholecalciferol
Screening
Seizures
formic acid
Blood
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Metabolites
Costs and Cost Analysis
Vitamin D
25-Hydroxyvitamin D 2
Calcifediol
Costs
Methanol
Dried Blood Spot Testing
Flow rate
Immunoassay
Limit of Detection
Newborn Infant

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Drug Discovery

Cite this

@article{49e4473537e64aa79452e814fd4459f9,
title = "Cost-Effective HPLC-UV Method for Quantification of Vitamin D2 and D3 in Dried Blood Spot: A Potential Adjunct to Newborn Screening for Prophylaxis of Intractable Paediatric Seizures",
abstract = "25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25-(OH)D) deficiency is recently been described as one of the multiple factors responsible for pediatric seizures. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 and 25-Hydroxyvitamin D2 are the well-known markers to determine Vitamin D status. In this work we report the development of a sensitive and cost effective HPLC technique for the quantification of the vitamin D metabolites from dried blood spot samples (DBS). The metabolites were extracted using acetonitrile-methanol-0.1{\%} formic acid (60 : 20 : 20 (v/v)) and analyzed on an Acclaim C18 column (150 × 4.6 mm i.d., 3 µm) at a flow rate of 1 mL/min. The method was linear in the range of 10-80 ng/mL. Limit of detection and limit of quantification (LOQ) of the method were 5 and 10 ng/mL respectively. Extensive stability studies demonstrated the analytes to be stable in stock and matrix with a percent change within the acceptable range of ±15{\%}. Comparison of the newly developed HPLC-DBS method with the reported LC-MS-DBS and electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) methods followed by Bland-Altman analysis demonstrated a bias of 0.08 and -0.14, respectively proving the methods are comparable. Application of the developed method to a pediatric seizure cohort depicted 46.6{\%} of cases as deficient and 26.6{\%} as insufficient for 25-(OH)D. Among deficient cases 8 samples were below 10 ng/mL and exact amount was not calculated since these were below the LOQ levels. The mean  ±  standard deviation (S.D.) in the remaining 6 deficient cases was 13.22 ± 2.80 ng/mL. The levels in healthy infants were 33.9 ± 6.11 ng/mL. The method can be used routinely for assessing 25-(OH)D deficiency in newborn.",
author = "Mathew, {Elizabeth Mary} and Sudheer Moorkoth and Rane, {Pankaj D.} and Leslie Lewis and Pragna Rao",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.1248/cpb.c18-00542",
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journal = "Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin",
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T1 - Cost-Effective HPLC-UV Method for Quantification of Vitamin D2 and D3 in Dried Blood Spot

T2 - A Potential Adjunct to Newborn Screening for Prophylaxis of Intractable Paediatric Seizures

AU - Mathew, Elizabeth Mary

AU - Moorkoth, Sudheer

AU - Rane, Pankaj D.

AU - Lewis, Leslie

AU - Rao, Pragna

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - 25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25-(OH)D) deficiency is recently been described as one of the multiple factors responsible for pediatric seizures. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 and 25-Hydroxyvitamin D2 are the well-known markers to determine Vitamin D status. In this work we report the development of a sensitive and cost effective HPLC technique for the quantification of the vitamin D metabolites from dried blood spot samples (DBS). The metabolites were extracted using acetonitrile-methanol-0.1% formic acid (60 : 20 : 20 (v/v)) and analyzed on an Acclaim C18 column (150 × 4.6 mm i.d., 3 µm) at a flow rate of 1 mL/min. The method was linear in the range of 10-80 ng/mL. Limit of detection and limit of quantification (LOQ) of the method were 5 and 10 ng/mL respectively. Extensive stability studies demonstrated the analytes to be stable in stock and matrix with a percent change within the acceptable range of ±15%. Comparison of the newly developed HPLC-DBS method with the reported LC-MS-DBS and electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) methods followed by Bland-Altman analysis demonstrated a bias of 0.08 and -0.14, respectively proving the methods are comparable. Application of the developed method to a pediatric seizure cohort depicted 46.6% of cases as deficient and 26.6% as insufficient for 25-(OH)D. Among deficient cases 8 samples were below 10 ng/mL and exact amount was not calculated since these were below the LOQ levels. The mean  ±  standard deviation (S.D.) in the remaining 6 deficient cases was 13.22 ± 2.80 ng/mL. The levels in healthy infants were 33.9 ± 6.11 ng/mL. The method can be used routinely for assessing 25-(OH)D deficiency in newborn.

AB - 25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25-(OH)D) deficiency is recently been described as one of the multiple factors responsible for pediatric seizures. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 and 25-Hydroxyvitamin D2 are the well-known markers to determine Vitamin D status. In this work we report the development of a sensitive and cost effective HPLC technique for the quantification of the vitamin D metabolites from dried blood spot samples (DBS). The metabolites were extracted using acetonitrile-methanol-0.1% formic acid (60 : 20 : 20 (v/v)) and analyzed on an Acclaim C18 column (150 × 4.6 mm i.d., 3 µm) at a flow rate of 1 mL/min. The method was linear in the range of 10-80 ng/mL. Limit of detection and limit of quantification (LOQ) of the method were 5 and 10 ng/mL respectively. Extensive stability studies demonstrated the analytes to be stable in stock and matrix with a percent change within the acceptable range of ±15%. Comparison of the newly developed HPLC-DBS method with the reported LC-MS-DBS and electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) methods followed by Bland-Altman analysis demonstrated a bias of 0.08 and -0.14, respectively proving the methods are comparable. Application of the developed method to a pediatric seizure cohort depicted 46.6% of cases as deficient and 26.6% as insufficient for 25-(OH)D. Among deficient cases 8 samples were below 10 ng/mL and exact amount was not calculated since these were below the LOQ levels. The mean  ±  standard deviation (S.D.) in the remaining 6 deficient cases was 13.22 ± 2.80 ng/mL. The levels in healthy infants were 33.9 ± 6.11 ng/mL. The method can be used routinely for assessing 25-(OH)D deficiency in newborn.

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