Detection and monitoring of viruses are essential for healthy plants and prosperity. Recent development in CRISPR/Cas system in diagnosis has open an avenue well suited for pathogen detection. Variety of CRISPR associated proteins are being discovered, suggesting array of application and detection strategies in diagnosis. Phytopathogenic viruses are diverse with respect to their nucleic acid compositions, which presents a challenge in developing a single device applicable for almost all viruses. The review describes about the efficient use of CRISPR/Cas Technology in diagnosis, such as SHERLOCK, DETECTR and SATORI. These methods are different in their characteristic to identify specific nucleic acids and processing the detectable signals. These technologies are in their infancy and lot of scope is there to develop commercial kits. Plant tissue culture-based industries, climate control green houses, indoor cultivation facilities etc. has been considered as few examples. This review will be beneficial for researchers seeking to develop detection mechanism based on CRISPR/Cas technology. The outcome in the form of cost-effective detection of viruses will be boon for agro-based industries, which are facing challenges through virus contamination.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology