The major cause of colorectal cancer (CRC) related mortality is due to its metastasis. Signaling pathways play a definite role in the development and progression of CRC. Recent studies demonstrate that the regulation of the sonic hedgehog (Shh) pathway is beneficial in the CRC treatment strategy. Also, 5ʹ-adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a well-known regulator of metabolism and inflammation, making it a suitable treatment option for CRC. Consumption of a high-fat diet (HFD) is a significant cause of CRC genesis. Also, the lipids play an indispensable role in aberrant activation of the Shh pathway. This review explains in detail the interconnection between HFD consumption, Shh pathway activation, and the progression of CRC. According to recent studies and literature, AMPK is a potential regulator that can control the complexities of CRC and reduce lipid levels and may directly inhibit shh signalling. The review also suggests the possible risk elements of AMPK activation in CRC due to its context-dependent role. Also, the activation of AMPK in HFD-induced CRC may modulate cancer progression by regulating the Shh pathway and metabolism.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology