Current state of artificial intelligence applications in ophthalmology and their potential to influence clinical practice

Dasharathraj K. Shetty, Abhiroop Talasila, Swapna Shanbhag, Vathsala Patil, Zeehan Hameed, Nithesh Naik, Adithya Raju

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Artificial intelligence (AI) has emerged as a major frontier in healthcare and finds broad range of applications. It has the potential to revolutionize current procedures of disease diagnosis and treatment, thus influencing the clinical practice. Artificial intelligence (AI) in ophthalmology, primarily concentrates on diagnostic and treatment pathways for eye conditions such as cataract, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration (MDA) and diabetic retinopathy (DR). The purpose of this article is to systematically review the existing state of literature on the various AI techniques and its applications in the diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases and conduct an in-depth enquiry to identify the challenges in accurate detection, pre-processing of data, monitoring and assessment through various AI algorithms. The results suggest that all AI models proposed reduce the detection time considerably. The potential limitations and challenges in the development and application play a significant role in clinical practice. There is a need for the development of AI-assisted technologies that shall consider the clinical implications based on experience and guided by patient-centred healthcare principles. The diagnostic models should assist ophthalmologists on making quick and accurate decisions in determining the progression of various ocular diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1920707
JournalCogent Engineering
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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