Cystic hygroma in an adult; a case report

G. Veeraraghavan, C. Denny, A. Lingappa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lymphangioma is a benign infiltrative malformation of the lymphatic channels. Cystic lymphangioma or cystic hygroma is a subtype of lymphangioma which exhibits large macroscopic cystic space histologically. The cause of cystic hygroma is believed to be developmental defect or primary Multilocular cystic malformation of dilated lymphatic channels. Cystic hygroma is a common and distinct entity that is not manifested in the oral cavity but occurs in the neck as a large, deep diffuse swelling. They are usually found in the posterior triangle of the neck. They often cross the midline, reaching axilla and mediastinum. Such localization verifies the complexity and extent of the lymphatic system in the cervical region when compared to other regions of the body. The five main locations where cystic hygroma can occur are, cervical (75-90%), axillary (20%), inguinal, retroperitoneal and thoracic. They usually appear as solitary lesions. They are usually infiltrative, often separating fascial planes and incorporating nerves, muscles, and blood vessels. They are fluctuant, freely mobile, compressible, painless and transilluminate well. The skin overlying the lesion is normal and usually there is no associated lymphadenopathy. Various treatment modalities have been tried. Surgery has been the main form of treatment, but total removal is not possible in all cases because of the extent of the lesion, which sometimes involves vital structures. We report a case of cystic hygroma in a young male patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-161
Number of pages2
JournalLibyan Journal of Medicine
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cystic Lymphangioma
Lymphangioma
Neck
Lymphatic System
Body Regions
Axilla
Groin
Mediastinum
Blood Vessels
Mouth
Thorax
Muscles
Skin
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Veeraraghavan, G., Denny, C., & Lingappa, A. (2009). Cystic hygroma in an adult; a case report. Libyan Journal of Medicine, 4(4), 160-161. https://doi.org/10.4176/090608
Veeraraghavan, G. ; Denny, C. ; Lingappa, A. / Cystic hygroma in an adult; a case report. In: Libyan Journal of Medicine. 2009 ; Vol. 4, No. 4. pp. 160-161.
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Veeraraghavan, G, Denny, C & Lingappa, A 2009, 'Cystic hygroma in an adult; a case report', Libyan Journal of Medicine, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 160-161. https://doi.org/10.4176/090608

Cystic hygroma in an adult; a case report. / Veeraraghavan, G.; Denny, C.; Lingappa, A.

In: Libyan Journal of Medicine, Vol. 4, No. 4, 01.12.2009, p. 160-161.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Veeraraghavan G, Denny C, Lingappa A. Cystic hygroma in an adult; a case report. Libyan Journal of Medicine. 2009 Dec 1;4(4):160-161. https://doi.org/10.4176/090608