Deep structured residual encoder-decoder network with a novel loss function for nuclei segmentation of kidney and breast histopathology images

Amit Kumar Chanchal, Shyam Lal, Jyoti Kini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To improve the process of diagnosis and treatment of cancer disease, automatic segmentation of haematoxylin and eosin (H & E) stained cell nuclei from histopathology images is the first step in digital pathology. The proposed deep structured residual encoder-decoder network (DSREDN) focuses on two aspects: first, it effectively utilized residual connections throughout the network and provides a wide and deep encoder-decoder path, which results to capture relevant context and more localized features. Second, vanished boundary of detected nuclei is addressed by proposing an efficient loss function that better train our proposed model and reduces the false prediction which is undesirable especially in healthcare applications. The proposed architecture experimented on three different publicly available H&E stained histopathological datasets namely: (I) Kidney (RCC) (II) Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) (III) MoNuSeg-2018. We have considered F1-score, Aggregated Jaccard Index (AJI), the total number of parameters, and FLOPs (Floating point operations), which are mostly preferred performance measure metrics for comparison of nuclei segmentation. The evaluated score of nuclei segmentation indicated that the proposed architecture achieved a considerable margin over five state-of-the-art deep learning models on three different histopathology datasets. Visual segmentation results show that the proposed DSREDN model accurately segment the nuclear regions than those of the state-of-the-art methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9201-9224
Number of pages24
JournalMultimedia Tools and Applications
Volume81
Issue number7
Early online date02-02-2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Media Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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