Dental caries, its surface susceptibility and dental fluorosis in South India

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To correlate water fluoride levels with dental caries and dental fluorosis in areas with different levels of fluoride in the drinking water and to establish the surface susceptibility of dental caries in an endemic fluoride area. Methods: 544 schoolchildren 12 to 15 years of age from the Davangere region of India were examined. The DMFS index was used to measure dental caries, which was further differentiated into smooth surface and pit and fissure lesions. Dean's index was used to diagnose dental fluorosis. Five villages with fluoride levels ranging from 0.43ppm to 3.41ppm were studied. Results: There was a highly significant negative correlation (r = -0.16) between water fluoride levels and dental caries. Dental fluorosis increased from 16% at 0.43ppm to 100% at 3.41ppm. Pit and fissure lesions made up the vast majority of the lesions in all the villages and snowed a decreasing trend with increasing fluoride levels, however no such trend was seen for smooth surface lesions. Conclusions: Water fluoride was an important factor responsible for the low caries prevalence. The prevalence of fluorosis and low caries even in low fluoride areas may point to a halo effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-364
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Dental Journal
Volume55
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2005

Fingerprint

Dental Fluorosis
Dental Caries
Fluorides
India
Dental Caries Susceptibility
Water
Epidemiologic Effect Modifiers
Drinking Water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

@article{508aef0e59644affa62947743b7e3056,
title = "Dental caries, its surface susceptibility and dental fluorosis in South India",
abstract = "Objectives: To correlate water fluoride levels with dental caries and dental fluorosis in areas with different levels of fluoride in the drinking water and to establish the surface susceptibility of dental caries in an endemic fluoride area. Methods: 544 schoolchildren 12 to 15 years of age from the Davangere region of India were examined. The DMFS index was used to measure dental caries, which was further differentiated into smooth surface and pit and fissure lesions. Dean's index was used to diagnose dental fluorosis. Five villages with fluoride levels ranging from 0.43ppm to 3.41ppm were studied. Results: There was a highly significant negative correlation (r = -0.16) between water fluoride levels and dental caries. Dental fluorosis increased from 16{\%} at 0.43ppm to 100{\%} at 3.41ppm. Pit and fissure lesions made up the vast majority of the lesions in all the villages and snowed a decreasing trend with increasing fluoride levels, however no such trend was seen for smooth surface lesions. Conclusions: Water fluoride was an important factor responsible for the low caries prevalence. The prevalence of fluorosis and low caries even in low fluoride areas may point to a halo effect.",
author = "Shashidhar Acharya",
year = "2005",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "359--364",
journal = "International Dental Journal",
issn = "0020-6539",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "6",

}

Dental caries, its surface susceptibility and dental fluorosis in South India. / Acharya, Shashidhar.

In: International Dental Journal, Vol. 55, No. 6, 01.12.2005, p. 359-364.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dental caries, its surface susceptibility and dental fluorosis in South India

AU - Acharya, Shashidhar

PY - 2005/12/1

Y1 - 2005/12/1

N2 - Objectives: To correlate water fluoride levels with dental caries and dental fluorosis in areas with different levels of fluoride in the drinking water and to establish the surface susceptibility of dental caries in an endemic fluoride area. Methods: 544 schoolchildren 12 to 15 years of age from the Davangere region of India were examined. The DMFS index was used to measure dental caries, which was further differentiated into smooth surface and pit and fissure lesions. Dean's index was used to diagnose dental fluorosis. Five villages with fluoride levels ranging from 0.43ppm to 3.41ppm were studied. Results: There was a highly significant negative correlation (r = -0.16) between water fluoride levels and dental caries. Dental fluorosis increased from 16% at 0.43ppm to 100% at 3.41ppm. Pit and fissure lesions made up the vast majority of the lesions in all the villages and snowed a decreasing trend with increasing fluoride levels, however no such trend was seen for smooth surface lesions. Conclusions: Water fluoride was an important factor responsible for the low caries prevalence. The prevalence of fluorosis and low caries even in low fluoride areas may point to a halo effect.

AB - Objectives: To correlate water fluoride levels with dental caries and dental fluorosis in areas with different levels of fluoride in the drinking water and to establish the surface susceptibility of dental caries in an endemic fluoride area. Methods: 544 schoolchildren 12 to 15 years of age from the Davangere region of India were examined. The DMFS index was used to measure dental caries, which was further differentiated into smooth surface and pit and fissure lesions. Dean's index was used to diagnose dental fluorosis. Five villages with fluoride levels ranging from 0.43ppm to 3.41ppm were studied. Results: There was a highly significant negative correlation (r = -0.16) between water fluoride levels and dental caries. Dental fluorosis increased from 16% at 0.43ppm to 100% at 3.41ppm. Pit and fissure lesions made up the vast majority of the lesions in all the villages and snowed a decreasing trend with increasing fluoride levels, however no such trend was seen for smooth surface lesions. Conclusions: Water fluoride was an important factor responsible for the low caries prevalence. The prevalence of fluorosis and low caries even in low fluoride areas may point to a halo effect.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=28944436823&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=28944436823&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 359

EP - 364

JO - International Dental Journal

JF - International Dental Journal

SN - 0020-6539

IS - 6

ER -