Descending auditory pathway and identification of phonetic contrast by native listeners

Usha Shastri, H. M. Mythri, U. Ajith Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study investigated the ability of native listeners to identify subtle phonetic contrasts in nonsense words and its relationship with the contralateral inhibition of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE). A group of 45 young adults with normal hearing sensitivity who were native speakers of Malayalam participated in the behavioral experiment. Phone identification score and reaction time for four phonetic pairs in nonsense words were measured for each participant. Based on the phone identification score, the participants were divided into high and low performers. Twelve participants randomly selected from each group were evaluated for contralateral inhibition of TEOAEs. Phone identification score and global contralateral inhibition amplitude of TEOAE were significantly higher and reaction time was significantly shorter in high performers than that of low performers. Significant correlation was found between the phone identification score and contralateral inhibition of TEOAE. Strength of the medial olivocochlear bundle activity explained about 30% of the variance in the phone identification scores providing evidence for the involvement of the descending auditory pathways in identifying the phonetic contrasts that are acoustically similar. These results support the emerging view that top down influences from higher centers shapes the responses of lower centers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)896-905
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume135
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Descending auditory pathway and identification of phonetic contrast by native listeners'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this