Descent modeling and attitude control of a tethered nano-satellite

Smit Kamal, Karun Potty, Chandrasekhar Nagarajan, Siddharth Mayya, Adheesh Boratkar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes a method to determine the rate of descent of a nano-satellite which uses an electrodynamic tether for de-orbiting. Also described, is an orbit propagator model of the continuously varying orbit and a control algorithm during its descent. An elaborate attitude control model is also proposed which is complemented by a set of sensors and actuators. Use of tethers provides an economical way to deorbit satellites. In order to aid the design of the satellite's attitude control, an orbit propagator has been developed. Sun sensors and magnetometers have been chosen as sensors for attitude determination and magnetorquers have been chosen as actuators. The dynamics of the satellite has been modeled in order to facilitate the design of the control system. This model considers disturbances acting on the satellite. A proportional derivative controller algorithm was used for attitude stabilization. The attitude control algorithm was tested using on-board models and a stability of less than 5 degrees per second was achieved. This enables the satellite to achieve the desired descent with attitude control enabling it to perform payload duties while deorbiting.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2014 IEEE Aerospace Conference
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
ISBN (Print)9781479916221
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2014
Externally publishedYes
Event2014 IEEE Aerospace Conference - Big Sky, MT, United States
Duration: 01-03-201408-03-2014

Conference

Conference2014 IEEE Aerospace Conference
CountryUnited States
CityBig Sky, MT
Period01-03-1408-03-14

Fingerprint

attitude control
Attitude control
descent
Satellites
Tetherlines
modeling
Orbits
orbits
sensor
satellite attitude control
actuators
solar sensors
Sensors
Actuators
propagation
sensors
payloads
electrodynamics
magnetometers
Electrodynamics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Kamal, S., Potty, K., Nagarajan, C., Mayya, S., & Boratkar, A. (2014). Descent modeling and attitude control of a tethered nano-satellite. In 2014 IEEE Aerospace Conference [6836270] IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/AERO.2014.6836270
Kamal, Smit ; Potty, Karun ; Nagarajan, Chandrasekhar ; Mayya, Siddharth ; Boratkar, Adheesh. / Descent modeling and attitude control of a tethered nano-satellite. 2014 IEEE Aerospace Conference. IEEE Computer Society, 2014.
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Kamal, S, Potty, K, Nagarajan, C, Mayya, S & Boratkar, A 2014, Descent modeling and attitude control of a tethered nano-satellite. in 2014 IEEE Aerospace Conference., 6836270, IEEE Computer Society, 2014 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, MT, United States, 01-03-14. https://doi.org/10.1109/AERO.2014.6836270

Descent modeling and attitude control of a tethered nano-satellite. / Kamal, Smit; Potty, Karun; Nagarajan, Chandrasekhar; Mayya, Siddharth; Boratkar, Adheesh.

2014 IEEE Aerospace Conference. IEEE Computer Society, 2014. 6836270.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Kamal S, Potty K, Nagarajan C, Mayya S, Boratkar A. Descent modeling and attitude control of a tethered nano-satellite. In 2014 IEEE Aerospace Conference. IEEE Computer Society. 2014. 6836270 https://doi.org/10.1109/AERO.2014.6836270