Design and characterization of nanoparticulate drug delivery system containing the antiviral drug stavudine

Prakash Goudanavar, Thandava Krishna, Doddayya Hiremath, Rajgopal Udupi

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Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Stavudine nanoparticles for oral delivery were pre- pared by emulsion droplet coalescence method, emulsion cross linking method, and double emulsion method. The prepared nanoparticles were characterized for particle size and the surface morphology, results revealed that nanoparticles were found to be discrete and spherical with the mean size range of 119.9- 69.9 nm. Encapsulation efficiency was in the range of 28.9 to 60.9%. The drug content was uniform and reproducible in each batch of nanoparticles. FTIR and DSC studies revealed no interactions between drug and excipients. In-vitro release profiles indicated that, irrespective of the polymer used, increase in concentration has drastically retarded the release of stavudine. The mechanism of drug release was Non-Fickian diffusion controlled first order kinetics for optimized formulation. Stability studies indicated that, the prepared nanoparticle remained more stable at room temperature after one month.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1518-1522
Number of pages5
JournalLatin American Journal of Pharmacy
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2012


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery

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