Detection of genital chlamydial and gonococcal infection using urine samples: A community-based study from India

Anjana Krishnan, Sasidharanpillai Sabeena, Parvati V. Bhat, Veena Kamath, Maity Hindol, Vahid Rajabali Zadeh, Govindakarnavar Arunkumar

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Abstract

Sexually transmitted infections (STI) have a major impact on the reproductive health of women. Among the different etiological agents of STIs, Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are the main bacterial pathogens that cause sexually transmitted infections in women. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of genital chlamydial and gonococcal infection among women in the age group of 18-65 years from a community-based setting. A community-based cross-sectional study was performed using the archived urine samples (n = 811) of women in the age group of 18-65 years for C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae using a multiplex conventional Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Out of 811 samples tested in the present study, 2 (0.24%) were tested positive for C. trachomatis and none were positive for N. gonorrhoeae. The study demonstrates the very low prevalence of C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae infection in a rural community. For large population-based screening, urine samples were observed to be more socially acceptable and cost-effective.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Infection and Public Health
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25-01-2018

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Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Chlamydia trachomatis
India
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Urine
Infection
Age Groups
Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction
Reproductive Health
Rural Population
Cross-Sectional Studies
Costs and Cost Analysis
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

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title = "Detection of genital chlamydial and gonococcal infection using urine samples: A community-based study from India",
abstract = "Sexually transmitted infections (STI) have a major impact on the reproductive health of women. Among the different etiological agents of STIs, Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are the main bacterial pathogens that cause sexually transmitted infections in women. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of genital chlamydial and gonococcal infection among women in the age group of 18-65 years from a community-based setting. A community-based cross-sectional study was performed using the archived urine samples (n = 811) of women in the age group of 18-65 years for C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae using a multiplex conventional Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Out of 811 samples tested in the present study, 2 (0.24{\%}) were tested positive for C. trachomatis and none were positive for N. gonorrhoeae. The study demonstrates the very low prevalence of C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae infection in a rural community. For large population-based screening, urine samples were observed to be more socially acceptable and cost-effective.",
author = "Anjana Krishnan and Sasidharanpillai Sabeena and Bhat, {Parvati V.} and Veena Kamath and Maity Hindol and Zadeh, {Vahid Rajabali} and Govindakarnavar Arunkumar",
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T2 - A community-based study from India

AU - Krishnan, Anjana

AU - Sabeena, Sasidharanpillai

AU - Bhat, Parvati V.

AU - Kamath, Veena

AU - Hindol, Maity

AU - Zadeh, Vahid Rajabali

AU - Arunkumar, Govindakarnavar

PY - 2018/1/25

Y1 - 2018/1/25

N2 - Sexually transmitted infections (STI) have a major impact on the reproductive health of women. Among the different etiological agents of STIs, Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are the main bacterial pathogens that cause sexually transmitted infections in women. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of genital chlamydial and gonococcal infection among women in the age group of 18-65 years from a community-based setting. A community-based cross-sectional study was performed using the archived urine samples (n = 811) of women in the age group of 18-65 years for C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae using a multiplex conventional Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Out of 811 samples tested in the present study, 2 (0.24%) were tested positive for C. trachomatis and none were positive for N. gonorrhoeae. The study demonstrates the very low prevalence of C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae infection in a rural community. For large population-based screening, urine samples were observed to be more socially acceptable and cost-effective.

AB - Sexually transmitted infections (STI) have a major impact on the reproductive health of women. Among the different etiological agents of STIs, Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are the main bacterial pathogens that cause sexually transmitted infections in women. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of genital chlamydial and gonococcal infection among women in the age group of 18-65 years from a community-based setting. A community-based cross-sectional study was performed using the archived urine samples (n = 811) of women in the age group of 18-65 years for C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae using a multiplex conventional Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Out of 811 samples tested in the present study, 2 (0.24%) were tested positive for C. trachomatis and none were positive for N. gonorrhoeae. The study demonstrates the very low prevalence of C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae infection in a rural community. For large population-based screening, urine samples were observed to be more socially acceptable and cost-effective.

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