Determinants of low birth weight: A case control study in a district hospital in Karnataka

S. Ganesh Kumar, H. N. Harsha Kumar, S. Jayaram, M. S. Kotian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A Case-control study was conducted in District Lady Goschen hospital, Dakshina Kannada district, Southern Karnataka. Subjects were mothers who underwent normal delivery and their neonates. A total of 150 cases and 300 controls were selected. Significant risk factors identified in univariate analysis included pre pregnancy maternal weight (<45 kgs)(OR=6.77), anaemia in pregnancy (Hb<11gm%) (OR=3.11), age less than 20 years (OR=2.96) and maternal height (<145 cms) (OR=2.79). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that pre pregnancy maternal weight (<45 kgs)(OR=7.02), anemia in pregnancy (OR=4.37) and maternal age less than 20 years (OR=3.96) were the significant risk factors of low birth weight of term babies. The strategy needs to focus attention on nutrition education to facilitate better weight gain during adolescent period. Discouraging teenage pregnancy is also essential in order to reduce the burden of LBW babies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-89
Number of pages3
JournalIndian Journal of Pediatrics
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2010

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District Hospitals
Low Birth Weight Infant
Case-Control Studies
Mothers
Pregnancy
Anemia
Weights and Measures
Pregnancy in Adolescence
Maternal Age
Weight Gain
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Newborn Infant
Education

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Ganesh Kumar, S. ; Harsha Kumar, H. N. ; Jayaram, S. ; Kotian, M. S. / Determinants of low birth weight : A case control study in a district hospital in Karnataka. In: Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2010 ; Vol. 77, No. 1. pp. 87-89.
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Determinants of low birth weight : A case control study in a district hospital in Karnataka. / Ganesh Kumar, S.; Harsha Kumar, H. N.; Jayaram, S.; Kotian, M. S.

In: Indian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 77, No. 1, 01.01.2010, p. 87-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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