Determinants of prakriti, the human constitution types of Indian traditional medicine and its correlation with contemporary science

Harish Rotti, Ritu Raval, Suchitra Anchan, Ravishankara Bellampalli, Sameer Bhale, Ramachandra Bharadwaj, Balakrishna Bhat, Amrish Dedge, Vikram Dhumal, G. Gangadharan, T. Girijakumari, Puthiya Gopinath, Periyasamy Govindaraj, Swagata Halder, Kalpana Joshi, Shama Kabekkodu, Archana Kamath, Paturu Kondaiah, Harpreet Kukreja, K. L. KumarSreekumaran Nair, S. N. Nair, Jayakrishna Nayak, B. Prasanna, M. Rashmishree, K. Sharanprasad, Kumarasamy Thangaraj, Bhushan Patwardhan, Kapaettu Satyamoorthy, Marthanda Varma Valiathan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Constitutional type of an individual or prakriti is the basic clinical denominator in Ayurveda, which defines physical, physiological, and psychological traits of an individual and is the template for individualized diet, lifestyle counseling, and treatment. The large number of phenotype description by prakriti determination is based on the knowledge and experience of the assessor, and hence subject to inherent variations and interpretations.

Objective: In this study we have attempted to relate dominant prakriti attribute to body mass index (BMI) of individuals by assessing an acceptable tool to provide the quantitative measure to the currently qualitative ayurvedic prakriti determination

Materials and Methods: The study is cross sectional, multicentered, and prakriti assessment of a total of 3416 subjects was undertaken. Healthy male, nonsmoking, nonalcoholic volunteers between the age group of 20-30 were screened for their prakriti after obtaining written consent to participate in the study. The prakriti was determined on the phenotype description of ayurvedic texts and simultaneously by the use of a computer-aided prakriti assessment tool. Kappa statistical analysis was employed to validate the prakriti assessment and Chi-square, Cramer's V test to determine the relatedness in the dominant prakriti to various attributes

Results: We found 80% concordance between ayurvedic physician and software in predicting the prakriti of an individual. The kappa value of 0.77 showed moderate agreement in prakriti assessment. We observed a significant correlations of dominant prakriti to place of birth and BMI with Chi-square, P < 0.01 (Cramer's V-value of 0.156 and 0.368, respectively)

Conclusion: The present study attempts to integrate knowledge of traditional ayurvedic concepts with the contemporary science. We have demonstrated analysis of prakriti classification and its association with BMI and place of birth with the implications to one of the ways for human classification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-175
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-07-2014

Fingerprint

Constitution and Bylaws
Traditional Medicine
Body Mass Index
Phenotype
Life Style
Counseling
Volunteers
Software
Age Groups
Cross-Sectional Studies
Psychology
Diet
Physicians
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine

Cite this

Rotti, Harish ; Raval, Ritu ; Anchan, Suchitra ; Bellampalli, Ravishankara ; Bhale, Sameer ; Bharadwaj, Ramachandra ; Bhat, Balakrishna ; Dedge, Amrish ; Dhumal, Vikram ; Gangadharan, G. ; Girijakumari, T. ; Gopinath, Puthiya ; Govindaraj, Periyasamy ; Halder, Swagata ; Joshi, Kalpana ; Kabekkodu, Shama ; Kamath, Archana ; Kondaiah, Paturu ; Kukreja, Harpreet ; Kumar, K. L. ; Nair, Sreekumaran ; Nair, S. N. ; Nayak, Jayakrishna ; Prasanna, B. ; Rashmishree, M. ; Sharanprasad, K. ; Thangaraj, Kumarasamy ; Patwardhan, Bhushan ; Satyamoorthy, Kapaettu ; Valiathan, Marthanda Varma. / Determinants of prakriti, the human constitution types of Indian traditional medicine and its correlation with contemporary science. In: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine. 2014 ; Vol. 5, No. 3. pp. 167-175.
@article{72abc7b82cc642859814cf7d557d4c3a,
title = "Determinants of prakriti, the human constitution types of Indian traditional medicine and its correlation with contemporary science",
abstract = "Background: Constitutional type of an individual or prakriti is the basic clinical denominator in Ayurveda, which defines physical, physiological, and psychological traits of an individual and is the template for individualized diet, lifestyle counseling, and treatment. The large number of phenotype description by prakriti determination is based on the knowledge and experience of the assessor, and hence subject to inherent variations and interpretations.Objective: In this study we have attempted to relate dominant prakriti attribute to body mass index (BMI) of individuals by assessing an acceptable tool to provide the quantitative measure to the currently qualitative ayurvedic prakriti determinationMaterials and Methods: The study is cross sectional, multicentered, and prakriti assessment of a total of 3416 subjects was undertaken. Healthy male, nonsmoking, nonalcoholic volunteers between the age group of 20-30 were screened for their prakriti after obtaining written consent to participate in the study. The prakriti was determined on the phenotype description of ayurvedic texts and simultaneously by the use of a computer-aided prakriti assessment tool. Kappa statistical analysis was employed to validate the prakriti assessment and Chi-square, Cramer's V test to determine the relatedness in the dominant prakriti to various attributesResults: We found 80{\%} concordance between ayurvedic physician and software in predicting the prakriti of an individual. The kappa value of 0.77 showed moderate agreement in prakriti assessment. We observed a significant correlations of dominant prakriti to place of birth and BMI with Chi-square, P < 0.01 (Cramer's V-value of 0.156 and 0.368, respectively)Conclusion: The present study attempts to integrate knowledge of traditional ayurvedic concepts with the contemporary science. We have demonstrated analysis of prakriti classification and its association with BMI and place of birth with the implications to one of the ways for human classification.",
author = "Harish Rotti and Ritu Raval and Suchitra Anchan and Ravishankara Bellampalli and Sameer Bhale and Ramachandra Bharadwaj and Balakrishna Bhat and Amrish Dedge and Vikram Dhumal and G. Gangadharan and T. Girijakumari and Puthiya Gopinath and Periyasamy Govindaraj and Swagata Halder and Kalpana Joshi and Shama Kabekkodu and Archana Kamath and Paturu Kondaiah and Harpreet Kukreja and Kumar, {K. L.} and Sreekumaran Nair and Nair, {S. N.} and Jayakrishna Nayak and B. Prasanna and M. Rashmishree and K. Sharanprasad and Kumarasamy Thangaraj and Bhushan Patwardhan and Kapaettu Satyamoorthy and Valiathan, {Marthanda Varma}",
year = "2014",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4103/0975-9476.140478",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "167--175",
journal = "Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine",
issn = "0975-9476",
publisher = "Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd",
number = "3",

}

Rotti, H, Raval, R, Anchan, S, Bellampalli, R, Bhale, S, Bharadwaj, R, Bhat, B, Dedge, A, Dhumal, V, Gangadharan, G, Girijakumari, T, Gopinath, P, Govindaraj, P, Halder, S, Joshi, K, Kabekkodu, S, Kamath, A, Kondaiah, P, Kukreja, H, Kumar, KL, Nair, S, Nair, SN, Nayak, J, Prasanna, B, Rashmishree, M, Sharanprasad, K, Thangaraj, K, Patwardhan, B, Satyamoorthy, K & Valiathan, MV 2014, 'Determinants of prakriti, the human constitution types of Indian traditional medicine and its correlation with contemporary science', Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 167-175. https://doi.org/10.4103/0975-9476.140478

Determinants of prakriti, the human constitution types of Indian traditional medicine and its correlation with contemporary science. / Rotti, Harish; Raval, Ritu; Anchan, Suchitra; Bellampalli, Ravishankara; Bhale, Sameer; Bharadwaj, Ramachandra; Bhat, Balakrishna; Dedge, Amrish; Dhumal, Vikram; Gangadharan, G.; Girijakumari, T.; Gopinath, Puthiya; Govindaraj, Periyasamy; Halder, Swagata; Joshi, Kalpana; Kabekkodu, Shama; Kamath, Archana; Kondaiah, Paturu; Kukreja, Harpreet; Kumar, K. L.; Nair, Sreekumaran; Nair, S. N.; Nayak, Jayakrishna; Prasanna, B.; Rashmishree, M.; Sharanprasad, K.; Thangaraj, Kumarasamy; Patwardhan, Bhushan; Satyamoorthy, Kapaettu; Valiathan, Marthanda Varma.

In: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Vol. 5, No. 3, 01.07.2014, p. 167-175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Determinants of prakriti, the human constitution types of Indian traditional medicine and its correlation with contemporary science

AU - Rotti, Harish

AU - Raval, Ritu

AU - Anchan, Suchitra

AU - Bellampalli, Ravishankara

AU - Bhale, Sameer

AU - Bharadwaj, Ramachandra

AU - Bhat, Balakrishna

AU - Dedge, Amrish

AU - Dhumal, Vikram

AU - Gangadharan, G.

AU - Girijakumari, T.

AU - Gopinath, Puthiya

AU - Govindaraj, Periyasamy

AU - Halder, Swagata

AU - Joshi, Kalpana

AU - Kabekkodu, Shama

AU - Kamath, Archana

AU - Kondaiah, Paturu

AU - Kukreja, Harpreet

AU - Kumar, K. L.

AU - Nair, Sreekumaran

AU - Nair, S. N.

AU - Nayak, Jayakrishna

AU - Prasanna, B.

AU - Rashmishree, M.

AU - Sharanprasad, K.

AU - Thangaraj, Kumarasamy

AU - Patwardhan, Bhushan

AU - Satyamoorthy, Kapaettu

AU - Valiathan, Marthanda Varma

PY - 2014/7/1

Y1 - 2014/7/1

N2 - Background: Constitutional type of an individual or prakriti is the basic clinical denominator in Ayurveda, which defines physical, physiological, and psychological traits of an individual and is the template for individualized diet, lifestyle counseling, and treatment. The large number of phenotype description by prakriti determination is based on the knowledge and experience of the assessor, and hence subject to inherent variations and interpretations.Objective: In this study we have attempted to relate dominant prakriti attribute to body mass index (BMI) of individuals by assessing an acceptable tool to provide the quantitative measure to the currently qualitative ayurvedic prakriti determinationMaterials and Methods: The study is cross sectional, multicentered, and prakriti assessment of a total of 3416 subjects was undertaken. Healthy male, nonsmoking, nonalcoholic volunteers between the age group of 20-30 were screened for their prakriti after obtaining written consent to participate in the study. The prakriti was determined on the phenotype description of ayurvedic texts and simultaneously by the use of a computer-aided prakriti assessment tool. Kappa statistical analysis was employed to validate the prakriti assessment and Chi-square, Cramer's V test to determine the relatedness in the dominant prakriti to various attributesResults: We found 80% concordance between ayurvedic physician and software in predicting the prakriti of an individual. The kappa value of 0.77 showed moderate agreement in prakriti assessment. We observed a significant correlations of dominant prakriti to place of birth and BMI with Chi-square, P < 0.01 (Cramer's V-value of 0.156 and 0.368, respectively)Conclusion: The present study attempts to integrate knowledge of traditional ayurvedic concepts with the contemporary science. We have demonstrated analysis of prakriti classification and its association with BMI and place of birth with the implications to one of the ways for human classification.

AB - Background: Constitutional type of an individual or prakriti is the basic clinical denominator in Ayurveda, which defines physical, physiological, and psychological traits of an individual and is the template for individualized diet, lifestyle counseling, and treatment. The large number of phenotype description by prakriti determination is based on the knowledge and experience of the assessor, and hence subject to inherent variations and interpretations.Objective: In this study we have attempted to relate dominant prakriti attribute to body mass index (BMI) of individuals by assessing an acceptable tool to provide the quantitative measure to the currently qualitative ayurvedic prakriti determinationMaterials and Methods: The study is cross sectional, multicentered, and prakriti assessment of a total of 3416 subjects was undertaken. Healthy male, nonsmoking, nonalcoholic volunteers between the age group of 20-30 were screened for their prakriti after obtaining written consent to participate in the study. The prakriti was determined on the phenotype description of ayurvedic texts and simultaneously by the use of a computer-aided prakriti assessment tool. Kappa statistical analysis was employed to validate the prakriti assessment and Chi-square, Cramer's V test to determine the relatedness in the dominant prakriti to various attributesResults: We found 80% concordance between ayurvedic physician and software in predicting the prakriti of an individual. The kappa value of 0.77 showed moderate agreement in prakriti assessment. We observed a significant correlations of dominant prakriti to place of birth and BMI with Chi-square, P < 0.01 (Cramer's V-value of 0.156 and 0.368, respectively)Conclusion: The present study attempts to integrate knowledge of traditional ayurvedic concepts with the contemporary science. We have demonstrated analysis of prakriti classification and its association with BMI and place of birth with the implications to one of the ways for human classification.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907485534&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907485534&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4103/0975-9476.140478

DO - 10.4103/0975-9476.140478

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84907485534

VL - 5

SP - 167

EP - 175

JO - Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine

JF - Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine

SN - 0975-9476

IS - 3

ER -