Determining Language Production Abilities in Indian Adolescents between 10 and 16 Years of Age: Using a Conversational based Task

Saniya Mariyam Rasheeka, Sudhin Karuppali, Megha Mohan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Effective communication is an important part of social interaction significantly influenced by the mental states of communication partners. With the listener and the speaker constantly changing their thoughts and responding accordingly, a conversation is considered to be the most natural task to assess language production abilities. Therefore, the present study aimed to profile the language production abilities in Indian adolescents using a conversational based task. Methods: A total of 90 participants between 10 and 16 years of age were equally grouped into 6 groups. The research was conducted in three phases. Phase I included the development of the stimuli; Phase II included task administration; and Phase III included data and statistical analysis. The language parameters included in the study were Communication Units (CU), Statements (ST), Questions (QU), Abandoned Utterances (AU), Interrupted Utterances (IU), Response to Questions (RQ), Response to Yes/No Questions (RYN), Response to Intonation Prompts (RIP) and Utterances with Overlapping Speech (UOS) were studied using Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts (SALT) software. Results: The results of the study indicated a change in the usage of most of the language parameters. ANOVA test showed significant difference (p <.05) for CU, ST, QU, UOS, and RQ. However, a poor level of significance (p >.05) was obtained for IU, AU, RYN, and RIP. Post Hoc Bonferroni test was applied to estimate the level of significance between groups. Conclusion: The research does conclude that language production abilities develop throughout adolescence, with certain linguistic parameters being potential developmental markers to assess language abilities in adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)594-608
Number of pages15
JournalCommunication Sciences and Disorders
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Communication
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

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