Devising focused strategies to improve organ donor registrations: A cross-sectional study among professional drivers in coastal South India

Akshay Thimmappaiah Jagadeesh, Anushree Puttur, Soumayan Mondal, Sufyan Ibrahim, Anurupa Udupi, Lokadolalu Chandracharya Prasanna, Asha Kamath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background In India, annually, 500,000 people die due to non-availability of organs. Given the large proportion of brain death amongst road accident victims, any improvement in organ donation practices amongst this cohort could potentially address this deficit. In this study, we identify the potential areas for intervention to improve organ donation amongst professional drivers, a population more likely to suffer from road accidents. Methods 300 participants were surveyed using a structured, orally-administered questionnaire to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding organ donation. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify key variables affecting intent to practice. Results Nearly half our participants had unsatisfactory knowledge and attitude scores. Knowledge and attitude was positively correlated, rs (298) = .247, p < .001, with better scores associated with a higher likelihood of intent to practice organ donation [AOR: 2.23 (1.26–3.94), p = .006; AOR: 12.164 (6.85–21.59), p < .001 respectively]. Lack of family support and fear of donated organs going into medical research were the key barriers for the same [AOR: 0.43 (0.19–0.97), p = .04; AOR: 0.27 (0.09–0.85), p = .02 respectively]. Conclusion Targeted health-education, behaviour change communication, and legal interventions, in conjunction, are key to improving organ donor registrations.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0209686
JournalPLoS One
Volume13
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2018

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Tissue and Organ Procurement
Highway accidents
cross-sectional studies
India
Cross-Sectional Studies
Tissue Donors
accidents
roads
family support
Accidents
health education
Brain
Education
biomedical research
Health
behavior change
communication (human)
fearfulness
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
multivariate analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Jagadeesh, Akshay Thimmappaiah ; Puttur, Anushree ; Mondal, Soumayan ; Ibrahim, Sufyan ; Udupi, Anurupa ; Prasanna, Lokadolalu Chandracharya ; Kamath, Asha. / Devising focused strategies to improve organ donor registrations : A cross-sectional study among professional drivers in coastal South India. In: PLoS One. 2018 ; Vol. 13, No. 12.
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Devising focused strategies to improve organ donor registrations : A cross-sectional study among professional drivers in coastal South India. / Jagadeesh, Akshay Thimmappaiah; Puttur, Anushree; Mondal, Soumayan; Ibrahim, Sufyan; Udupi, Anurupa; Prasanna, Lokadolalu Chandracharya; Kamath, Asha.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 13, No. 12, e0209686, 01.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Devising focused strategies to improve organ donor registrations

T2 - A cross-sectional study among professional drivers in coastal South India

AU - Jagadeesh, Akshay Thimmappaiah

AU - Puttur, Anushree

AU - Mondal, Soumayan

AU - Ibrahim, Sufyan

AU - Udupi, Anurupa

AU - Prasanna, Lokadolalu Chandracharya

AU - Kamath, Asha

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Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - Background In India, annually, 500,000 people die due to non-availability of organs. Given the large proportion of brain death amongst road accident victims, any improvement in organ donation practices amongst this cohort could potentially address this deficit. In this study, we identify the potential areas for intervention to improve organ donation amongst professional drivers, a population more likely to suffer from road accidents. Methods 300 participants were surveyed using a structured, orally-administered questionnaire to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding organ donation. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify key variables affecting intent to practice. Results Nearly half our participants had unsatisfactory knowledge and attitude scores. Knowledge and attitude was positively correlated, rs (298) = .247, p < .001, with better scores associated with a higher likelihood of intent to practice organ donation [AOR: 2.23 (1.26–3.94), p = .006; AOR: 12.164 (6.85–21.59), p < .001 respectively]. Lack of family support and fear of donated organs going into medical research were the key barriers for the same [AOR: 0.43 (0.19–0.97), p = .04; AOR: 0.27 (0.09–0.85), p = .02 respectively]. Conclusion Targeted health-education, behaviour change communication, and legal interventions, in conjunction, are key to improving organ donor registrations.

AB - Background In India, annually, 500,000 people die due to non-availability of organs. Given the large proportion of brain death amongst road accident victims, any improvement in organ donation practices amongst this cohort could potentially address this deficit. In this study, we identify the potential areas for intervention to improve organ donation amongst professional drivers, a population more likely to suffer from road accidents. Methods 300 participants were surveyed using a structured, orally-administered questionnaire to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding organ donation. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify key variables affecting intent to practice. Results Nearly half our participants had unsatisfactory knowledge and attitude scores. Knowledge and attitude was positively correlated, rs (298) = .247, p < .001, with better scores associated with a higher likelihood of intent to practice organ donation [AOR: 2.23 (1.26–3.94), p = .006; AOR: 12.164 (6.85–21.59), p < .001 respectively]. Lack of family support and fear of donated organs going into medical research were the key barriers for the same [AOR: 0.43 (0.19–0.97), p = .04; AOR: 0.27 (0.09–0.85), p = .02 respectively]. Conclusion Targeted health-education, behaviour change communication, and legal interventions, in conjunction, are key to improving organ donor registrations.

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