Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome presenting as a focal neurological deficit

Ravindra Prabhu Attur, Ramprasad Kandavar, Rajagopal Kadavigere, Waqas Wahid Baig

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Abstract

We report a patient suffering from chronic kidney disease who presented to us with severe pulmonary edema. His clinical, laboratory, and sonological parameters were suggestive of end-stage renal disease. Hemodialysis was initiated, and after 48 hours (3 sessions of hemodialysis) he became drowsy and a neurological examination revealed left upper limb monoplegia with left facial palsy. Urgent computerized tomography scan of the brain revealed diffuse hypodensity in the cerebral white matter bilaterally, and brain magnetic resonance imaging showed diffuse hyperintensity in the cerebral white matter bilaterally, right internal capsule and external capsule on fluid attenuated inversion recovery and T2 sequences (hypointense on T1 sequence). He made a gradual but complete neurological recovery and was discharged 2 weeks later with normal neurological status. A repeat brain magnetic resonance imaging on follow-up 6 weeks later revealed complete resolution of the white matter abnormalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-315
Number of pages3
JournalHemodialysis International
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-07-2008

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology
  • Nephrology

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