Dietary intake, physical activity and body mass index among postmenopausal women

Chaya Ranasinghe, Pallavi G. Shettigar, Meenakshi Garg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context: Nutrition plays a vital role in the quality of life in postmenopausal women. Aim: The aim is to determine the dietary intake, physical activity, and assess the body mass index (BMI) among postmenopausal women. Settings and Design: A community-based sample survey. Materials and Methods: The present study included 140 postmenopausal women (40-70 years) from Udupi, Manipal areas of Karnataka. The study was carried out between July and December 2013. Sociodemographic data were collected using a questionnaire. Anthropometric data included height, weight, waist, and hip circumference. Dietary intake was determined using 24 h dietary recall. Physical activity information was collected. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 software. Paired t-test was performed to determine the dietary adequacy. Results: Obesity was 42.1% among the study participants. Increased WHR and waist circumference were 82.1% and 77.1%. Mean daily intake of calcium and saturated fatty acids were significantly higher than recommended dietary allowance (RDA) (P < 0.001). Mean intake of energy, protein, carbohydrate, mono and poly unsaturated fatty acid, fiber and sodium were significantly lower than RDA (P < 0.001). Average daily intake of cereals, pulses, roots and tubers, meat and products, fats and oils, green leafy, and other vegetables were significantly (P < 0.001) lower than RDA. Intake of fruits, milk and milk products, and sugar was significantly higher (P < 0.001) than RDA. Only 37.1% of women performed moderate or active exercises regularly. Conclusions: Even though, nutrient and food group deficiencies were observed among postmenopausal women physical inactivity and effects of menopausal transition instigate increased BMI imposing a need to educate on nutrition and physical activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-169
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Mid-Life Health
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2017

Fingerprint

Recommended Dietary Allowances
Body Mass Index
Exercise
Waist Circumference
nutrition
Milk
Food
Statistical Data Interpretation
Meat Products
SPSS
Energy Intake
vegetables
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Vegetables
statistical analysis
Hip
Fruit
quality of life
Oils
Fatty Acids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Ranasinghe, Chaya ; Shettigar, Pallavi G. ; Garg, Meenakshi. / Dietary intake, physical activity and body mass index among postmenopausal women. In: Journal of Mid-Life Health. 2017 ; Vol. 8, No. 4. pp. 163-169.
@article{6f6ba27e09a4402c98c11071aa3de799,
title = "Dietary intake, physical activity and body mass index among postmenopausal women",
abstract = "Context: Nutrition plays a vital role in the quality of life in postmenopausal women. Aim: The aim is to determine the dietary intake, physical activity, and assess the body mass index (BMI) among postmenopausal women. Settings and Design: A community-based sample survey. Materials and Methods: The present study included 140 postmenopausal women (40-70 years) from Udupi, Manipal areas of Karnataka. The study was carried out between July and December 2013. Sociodemographic data were collected using a questionnaire. Anthropometric data included height, weight, waist, and hip circumference. Dietary intake was determined using 24 h dietary recall. Physical activity information was collected. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 software. Paired t-test was performed to determine the dietary adequacy. Results: Obesity was 42.1{\%} among the study participants. Increased WHR and waist circumference were 82.1{\%} and 77.1{\%}. Mean daily intake of calcium and saturated fatty acids were significantly higher than recommended dietary allowance (RDA) (P < 0.001). Mean intake of energy, protein, carbohydrate, mono and poly unsaturated fatty acid, fiber and sodium were significantly lower than RDA (P < 0.001). Average daily intake of cereals, pulses, roots and tubers, meat and products, fats and oils, green leafy, and other vegetables were significantly (P < 0.001) lower than RDA. Intake of fruits, milk and milk products, and sugar was significantly higher (P < 0.001) than RDA. Only 37.1{\%} of women performed moderate or active exercises regularly. Conclusions: Even though, nutrient and food group deficiencies were observed among postmenopausal women physical inactivity and effects of menopausal transition instigate increased BMI imposing a need to educate on nutrition and physical activity.",
author = "Chaya Ranasinghe and Shettigar, {Pallavi G.} and Meenakshi Garg",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4103/jmh.JMH_33_17",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "163--169",
journal = "Journal of Mid-Life Health",
issn = "0976-7800",
publisher = "Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd",
number = "4",

}

Dietary intake, physical activity and body mass index among postmenopausal women. / Ranasinghe, Chaya; Shettigar, Pallavi G.; Garg, Meenakshi.

In: Journal of Mid-Life Health, Vol. 8, No. 4, 01.10.2017, p. 163-169.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dietary intake, physical activity and body mass index among postmenopausal women

AU - Ranasinghe, Chaya

AU - Shettigar, Pallavi G.

AU - Garg, Meenakshi

PY - 2017/10/1

Y1 - 2017/10/1

N2 - Context: Nutrition plays a vital role in the quality of life in postmenopausal women. Aim: The aim is to determine the dietary intake, physical activity, and assess the body mass index (BMI) among postmenopausal women. Settings and Design: A community-based sample survey. Materials and Methods: The present study included 140 postmenopausal women (40-70 years) from Udupi, Manipal areas of Karnataka. The study was carried out between July and December 2013. Sociodemographic data were collected using a questionnaire. Anthropometric data included height, weight, waist, and hip circumference. Dietary intake was determined using 24 h dietary recall. Physical activity information was collected. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 software. Paired t-test was performed to determine the dietary adequacy. Results: Obesity was 42.1% among the study participants. Increased WHR and waist circumference were 82.1% and 77.1%. Mean daily intake of calcium and saturated fatty acids were significantly higher than recommended dietary allowance (RDA) (P < 0.001). Mean intake of energy, protein, carbohydrate, mono and poly unsaturated fatty acid, fiber and sodium were significantly lower than RDA (P < 0.001). Average daily intake of cereals, pulses, roots and tubers, meat and products, fats and oils, green leafy, and other vegetables were significantly (P < 0.001) lower than RDA. Intake of fruits, milk and milk products, and sugar was significantly higher (P < 0.001) than RDA. Only 37.1% of women performed moderate or active exercises regularly. Conclusions: Even though, nutrient and food group deficiencies were observed among postmenopausal women physical inactivity and effects of menopausal transition instigate increased BMI imposing a need to educate on nutrition and physical activity.

AB - Context: Nutrition plays a vital role in the quality of life in postmenopausal women. Aim: The aim is to determine the dietary intake, physical activity, and assess the body mass index (BMI) among postmenopausal women. Settings and Design: A community-based sample survey. Materials and Methods: The present study included 140 postmenopausal women (40-70 years) from Udupi, Manipal areas of Karnataka. The study was carried out between July and December 2013. Sociodemographic data were collected using a questionnaire. Anthropometric data included height, weight, waist, and hip circumference. Dietary intake was determined using 24 h dietary recall. Physical activity information was collected. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 software. Paired t-test was performed to determine the dietary adequacy. Results: Obesity was 42.1% among the study participants. Increased WHR and waist circumference were 82.1% and 77.1%. Mean daily intake of calcium and saturated fatty acids were significantly higher than recommended dietary allowance (RDA) (P < 0.001). Mean intake of energy, protein, carbohydrate, mono and poly unsaturated fatty acid, fiber and sodium were significantly lower than RDA (P < 0.001). Average daily intake of cereals, pulses, roots and tubers, meat and products, fats and oils, green leafy, and other vegetables were significantly (P < 0.001) lower than RDA. Intake of fruits, milk and milk products, and sugar was significantly higher (P < 0.001) than RDA. Only 37.1% of women performed moderate or active exercises regularly. Conclusions: Even though, nutrient and food group deficiencies were observed among postmenopausal women physical inactivity and effects of menopausal transition instigate increased BMI imposing a need to educate on nutrition and physical activity.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85038574871&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85038574871&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4103/jmh.JMH_33_17

DO - 10.4103/jmh.JMH_33_17

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 163

EP - 169

JO - Journal of Mid-Life Health

JF - Journal of Mid-Life Health

SN - 0976-7800

IS - 4

ER -