Discovery of the first ichthyosaur from the Jurassic of India

Implications for Gondwanan palaeobiogeography

Guntupalli V.R. Prasad, Dhirendra K. Pandey, Matthias Alberti, Franz T. Fürsich, Mahesh G. Thakkar, Gaurav D. Chauhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An articulated and partially preserved skeleton of an ichthyosaur was found in the Upper Jurassic (Upper Kimmeridgian) Katrol Formation exposed at a site south of the village Lodai in Kachchh district, Gujarat (western India). Here we present a detailed description and inferred taxonomic relationship of the specimen. The present study revealed that the articulated skeleton belongs to the family Ophthalmosauridae. The new discovery from India further improves the depauperate fossil record of ichthyosaurs from the former Gondwanan continents. Based on the preserved length of the axial skeleton and anterior part of the snout and taking into account the missing parts of the skull and postflexural region, it is suggested that the specimen may represent an adult possibly reaching a length of 5.0–5.5 m. The widespread occurrence of ophthalmosaurids in the Upper Jurassic deposits of western Tethys, Madagascar, South America and India points to possible faunal exchanges between the western Tethys and Gondwanan continents through a southern seaway.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0185851
JournalPLoS One
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2017

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Skeleton
India
Deposits
skeleton
Madagascar
South America
Skull
skull
villages
fossils

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Prasad, G. V. R., Pandey, D. K., Alberti, M., Fürsich, F. T., Thakkar, M. G., & Chauhan, G. D. (2017). Discovery of the first ichthyosaur from the Jurassic of India: Implications for Gondwanan palaeobiogeography. PLoS One, 12(10), [e0185851]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185851
Prasad, Guntupalli V.R. ; Pandey, Dhirendra K. ; Alberti, Matthias ; Fürsich, Franz T. ; Thakkar, Mahesh G. ; Chauhan, Gaurav D. / Discovery of the first ichthyosaur from the Jurassic of India : Implications for Gondwanan palaeobiogeography. In: PLoS One. 2017 ; Vol. 12, No. 10.
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Prasad, GVR, Pandey, DK, Alberti, M, Fürsich, FT, Thakkar, MG & Chauhan, GD 2017, 'Discovery of the first ichthyosaur from the Jurassic of India: Implications for Gondwanan palaeobiogeography', PLoS One, vol. 12, no. 10, e0185851. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185851

Discovery of the first ichthyosaur from the Jurassic of India : Implications for Gondwanan palaeobiogeography. / Prasad, Guntupalli V.R.; Pandey, Dhirendra K.; Alberti, Matthias; Fürsich, Franz T.; Thakkar, Mahesh G.; Chauhan, Gaurav D.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 12, No. 10, e0185851, 01.10.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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